IELTS Cue Card شماره ۴۴ :

یکی از سوال‌هایی که ممکنه در بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس (IELTS Speaking) پرسیده بشه توصیف یک موزه ایه که از آن بازدید کردی. سوالی که از شما پرسیده میشه اینه:

IELTS Cue Card: Describe a museum that you have visited.

برای پاسخ به این سوال باید سه موضوع را در نظر داشته باشید:

چه زمانی از موزه بازدید کردیدwhen you visited the museum
موزه را توصیف کنیدdescribe the museum
بعد از رفتن به آنجا چه حسی داشتیدhow you felt after going there

و تجربه خود را از این بازدید توصیف کنید.

شما باید یک تا دو دقیقه در مورد این موضوع صحبت کنید. یک دقیقه فرصت دارید تا در مورد آنچه می خواهید بگویید فکر کنید. در صورت تمایل می توانید یادداشت برداری کنید.

در ادامه با انواع سوال هایی که در بخش سوم پرسیده میشود آشنا می شویم و بعد چند نمونه جواب را برای هر بخش و هر سوال بررسی میکنیم و لغات مهم و کاربردی استفاده شده در جواب را با هم مرور می کنیم.

مطالعه ی IELTS Cue Card شماره ۴۴ به شما کمک میکند تا خود را برای بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس آماده کنید و دایره ی لغات مورد نیاز برای این بخش را افزایش دهید.

سوالات بخش ۳

How often do you visit museums?

چند وقت یک بار از موزه ها بازدید می کنید؟

What type of museum is popular in your country?

چه نوع موزه ای در کشور شما محبوب است؟

What do you think of the importance of museums in history?

نظر شما در مورد اهمیت موزه ها در تاریخ چیست؟

How do you think of the heritage of a country?

نظر شما در مورد میراث یک کشور چیست؟

Compare museums nowadays and in the past.

موزه های امروز و گذشته را باهم مقایسه کنید.

Have you ever been to a foreign museum?

آیا تاکنون از یک موزه خارجی بازدید کرده اید؟

What are the tourist attractions in your city?

جاذبه های گردشگری در شهر شما چیست؟

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۲

I have visited more than ten museums in total in different countries and enjoyed visiting the (tell a museum name you know about) in (say the country name) the most. I went to the museum almost two years ago while we had been in (…the city name…). Visiting the museum was not a part of our original tour plan, but we went there as it was prominently expressing its presence to us when we visited the area for a different reason. I went there with two of my friends and a cousin who accompanied me during the tour. My cousin and one of my friends were not interested to visit the museum as they had other plans. I insisted them to go there and convinced them by saying that if you do not enjoy it, I would pay for dinner!

After we bought our tickets, we entered the museum and the colossal front of the museum and the stunning garden in front of it mesmerised us. At that very time, I realised that the inside would be more astonishing.

Once inside, we realised that the place was far larger than we initially thought it would be. There were five floors in the museum and the interior of the building reminded us of the imperial age. We could see the ceiling of the building from the ground floor. People from different age groups and nationalities were closely observing the museum and I had a feeling that most of them were enjoying it. Taking photos was prohibited and yet I was sometimes lured to take some snaps especially when I saw the colossal dinosaur fossil and the alien ship!

The first floor of the museum had some artworks from a few famous artists around the world and sculptures from different epochs in history. The first floor gave us the impression of visiting a theatre or an art gallery rather than a museum. We came to know that some of the arts were so expensive that one could buy an island by selling it! Then we ascended to the second floor which was filled with the Second World War memoirs. Guns, tanks, documents, and other war materials from 1945 WW II had been on display there. A video documentary was showing some of the real events from World War II.

When we reached the third floor, it’s been already 2 and a half hours. We found that many costumes and traditional items from different parts of the world have been placed there. One can easily learn about the customs of different ages and countries just by visiting this floor. The next floor had more adventure and surprises waiting for us. It has placed all the major inventions of different ages. I was overwhelmed when I saw the first computer ever built, speedboat, the wheel, motor engine and a few famous inventions of history on this floor. I was so much dying to touch the first four-wheeler that had been placed there!

We spent almost the whole day inside this museum. We were so enthralled to visit the place that we literally forgot to have our lunch. The overall experience was fantastic and I learned so many things in a few hours. As soon as I left the place, I planned to revisit it someday.

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۳

How often do you visit museums?

چند وقت یک بار از موزه ها بازدید می کنید؟

Although I would love to go to museums more often, I have only visited three of them until now and that would make it three times that I have been to museums!

All of them were of archaeological type but I still remember the last one- in Greece. It was the Acropolis Museum and I went there at the age of 16, during a school programme for the restitution of the Parthenon Marbles which are located in the British Museum. It is a magnificent building and it reflects the Greek civilization with the inclusion of statues, monuments and even documentaries with the purpose of informing visitors not only from overseas but also from Greece about its exhibits. I strongly believe that it was the best educational experience of my life and I would induce people to pay it a visit when possible.

What type of museum is popular in your country?

چه نوع موزه ای در کشور شما محبوب است؟

I come from Greece so I’m going to talk about the type of museums famous there. It is widely known that Greece has a really important culture and history, so there are numerous museums throughout the country. Archaeological and Folklore museums are the most common kinds and those are visited by the majority of people. Apart from these, biographical, ethnographic and historic museums are also really rife in our country. Furthermore, there are art museums and galleries and some other that are about industry, science and technology. To conclude, there are plenty of categories that satisfy everyone’s preference and desire but Archaeological and folklore museums are most popular in our country.

What do you think of the importance of museums in history?

نظر شما در مورد اهمیت موزه ها در تاریخ چیست؟

My personal belief is that museums are of paramount importance and constitute an integral part of a country’s history. As it is known, these constructions provide information about culture and heritage; in other words, museums keep history alive. To be more precise, museums include artefacts and different objects from the past and by placing them there, people are reassured that the items they see provide clear and accurate information about the history, rather than reading books and magazines in which most of the details are subjective and theoretical. In addition, if I’m allowed to speak in economic terms, I would say that museums are history’s brands and trademarks.

How do you think of the heritage of a country?

نظر شما در مورد میراث یک کشور چیست؟

It seems to me that the heritage of a nation isn’t determined by only one thing. To begin, monuments, sculptures and temples are essential and they are representative examples as far as heritage is concerned. For example, the Parthenon in Greece, Statue of Liberty in the USA, Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple and Pyramids in Egypt, Tower of London in the UK are only some the most significant structures that reflect each country’s legacy. History composes an important part as well, by informing people about the achievements and failures of a territory and the reason why something is known and studied by many. Lastly, museums which we were talking about earlier couldn’t be missing from this list, not only for all the important aspects they have but also because they are connected with the beauty and grandeur of a country.

Compare museums nowadays and in the past.

موزه های امروز و گذشته را باهم مقایسه کنید.

 Anyone who pays a visit to museums could say that nowadays museums are more beautiful, modern, have a rich collection, and convenient to visit than in the past. To elucidate, in the past, only a few people had access to them but these days they are open spaces for public knowledge. Furthermore, much attention is given to the maintenance of the museums now than the past and most of the museums are renovated not only for their preservation but also to attract more public interest. In addition, technological advances have played a fundamental role; with videos and audios helping visitors understand what they see and that makes their experience more pleasant, informative and interactive than the past when these technological usages were absent.

Have you ever been to a foreign museum?

آیا تاکنون از یک موزه خارجی بازدید کرده اید؟

The truth is I have never been to a museum outside my country, but I would really like to go someday. The first museum that comes to my mind is the British Museum in the UK and despite the fact that I have been living in England for the last three years, I never managed to visit this renowned institution. Some other museums that I definitely want to visit are the Metropolitan Museum of Art and National Portrait Gallery in the USA and the National Museum of Ireland.

What are the tourist attractions in your city?

جاذبه های گردشگری در شهر شما چیست؟

I live in Hatfield which is 30 km north of London and there are many things tourists can see and do there. Firstly, it is really worth seeing Hatfield House which is on the eastern side of the town. Secondly, Mill Green Museum and watermill, Hatfield Park Farm and Hatfield Public Library are places that someone should visit without a doubt. Finally, the University of Hertfordshire and The Galleria Outlet Shopping are some good and interesting structures for everyone.

نکته: به جاذبه های شهر خود فکر کنید و سعی کنید چند نکته در مورد آنها بگویید. به عنوان مثال ، می توانید در مورد کتابخانه ها ، دانشگاه ها ، بناهای تاریخی ، موزه ها ، معابد یا حتی برخی مکان هایی که بسیاری هنگام بازدید از شهر شما ترجیح می دهند از آنجا دیدن کنند ، صحبت کنید.

نکات مهم برای جواب دادن به IELTS Cue Card شماره ۴۴

هنگام توصیف موزه ، بهتر است سراغ موزه ملی کشور خود بروید. اگر قبلا از این موزه بازدید کرده باشید، توصیف آن برای شما خیلی راحت خواهد بود. از آنجا که موزه ای که انتخاب کردید ممکن است برای ممتحن نیز آشنا باشد ، باید اطلاعات واقعی از آن را ارائه دهید. صحبت خود را با گفتن اینکه چه زمانی از آنجا بازدید کردید، با چه کسی به آنجا رفتید، تعداد دفعاتی که به آنجا رفته اید، نمای بیرونی یا داخلی موزه، تعداد طبقات موزه، کارهایی که در آنجا انجام دادید، چیزهایی که در آنجا در معرض نمایش گذاشته شده و غیره شروع کنید. اگر موزه ی دقیقی را به یاد نمی آورید سعی کنید آن را تجسم کنید و طوری توصیفش کنید که انگار واقعا از آنجا بازدید کرده اید. اگر به کشور خارجی رفته اید و از موزه آن شهر بازدید کرده اید ، می توانید درباره ی آن موزه نیز صحبت کنید. اگر کیوکارت از شما می خواهد موزه ای را در کشور خود توصیف کنید ، پس فقط باید به سراغ موزه های کشور خودتان بروید.

برخی از ویژگی های مشترک یک موزه:

۱٫ A museum is a place where a collection of artefacts and other things are preserved for public exhibition.
2. Almost all of the countries have museums in their major cities.
3. The things preserved there are generally of scientific, cultural, historic and artistic interests.
4. Things are arranged and categorised on different floors for the convenience of the visitors.

۱) موزه جایی است که در آن مجموعه ای از آثار باستانی و سایر موارد برای نمایش عمومی نگهداری می شود.

۲) تقریبا همه کشورها در شهرهای مهم و بزرگ خود موزه دارند.

۳) اشیایی که در موزه نگهداری می شود عموما اهمیت علمی ، فرهنگی ، تاریخی و هنری دارد.

۴) اشیا برای راحتی بازدید کنندگان در طبقات مختلف مرتب و طبقه بندی شده اند.

انواع مختلفی از موزه ها بر اساس چیزهایی که در معرض نمایش می گذارند، وجود دارد و می توانید در مورد هر نوع موزه ای که دوست دارید و از آن مطلع هستید صحبت کنید. دسته بندی کلی موزه به شرح زیر است:

Cultural museum, historic museum, science and technology museum, craft museum, fine arts museum, archaeology museum, natural history museum, children’s museum, modern art museum, military history museum, aviation museum, universal museum etc.

موزه فرهنگی ، موزه تاریخی ، موزه علم و فناوری ، موزه صنایع دستی ، موزه هنرهای زیبا ، موزه باستان شناسی ، موزه تاریخ طبیعی ، موزه کودکان ، موزه هنر مدرن ، موزه تاریخ نظامی ، موزه هواپیمایی ، موزه جهانی و غیره.

ممکن است از باغ گیاه شناسی یا باغ جانورشناسی نیز به عنوان موزه یاد شود اما از توصیف این دو مورد برای این کیوکارت پرهیز کنید، مگر اینکه در مورد انواع دیگر موزه ها ایده و اطلاعی نداشته باشید. اگر می خواهید یک باغ گیاه شناسی یا یک باغ جانورشناسی را به عنوان یک موزه توصیف کنید ، آن را در همان بخش اول صحبت خود مشخص کنید تا ممتحن دچار سردرگمی نشود.

در ادامه برخی از موزه های ایران و جهان آورده شده است که می توانید برای یافتن جزییات مربوط به آنها در گوگل جستجو کنید:

Iran: ایران
National Museum of Iran; Azadi Tower Museum, Reza Abbasi Museum, Pars Museum, Malik National Museum of Iran, Zagros Paleolithic Museum.

USA: آمریکا
Metropolitan Museum of Art; Guggenheim Museum; National Portrait Gallery; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Hirshhorn Museum.

India: هندوستان
National Museum, New Delhi; Indian Museum, Kolkata; Salarjung Museum, Hyderabad; Government Museum, Bangalore; Victoria Memorial, Kolkata.

Indonesia: اندونزی
National Museum of Indonesia; Jakarta History Museum; Museum of PKI Treason; Bali Museum.

Australia: استرالیا
Australian History Museum; Macleay Museum; Sydney Harbour Bridge Visitor Centre; Fort Denison.

Germany: آلمان
Deutsches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Deutsches Historisches Museum, Neues Museum.

Malaysia مالزی
The national museum; Petrosains Museum; Maritime Museum; National Science Museum.

Singapore سنگاپور
Peranakan Museum; Asian Civilisations Museum; National Museum of Singapore.

UK: بریتانیا
British Museum; Natural History Museum; Victoria and Albert Museum; National Gallery, London; Royal Academy of Arts; Tate Modern, London.

Ireland: ایرلند
National Museum of Ireland, Ulster Museum, National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology, Irish Museum of Modern Art.

Pakistan: پاکستان
Lahore Museum; National Museum of Pakistan, Peshawar Museum, Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Sindh Museum.

Philippines: فیلیپین
National Museum of the Philippines, Ayala Museum, UST Museum of Arts and Sciences, Casa Manila.

South Africa: آفریقای جنوبی
Apartheid Museum,  Iziko South African Museum, South African National Gallery, Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History.

Spain: اسپانیا
Reina Sofía; Institut Valencià d’Art Modern; Guggenheim; CaixaForum Barcelona; MACBA.

China: چین
Nanjing Educational Museum; Capital Museum; Tianjin Museum; The National Museum of China; The Capital Museum; Beijing Planetarium; Xibaipo Memorial.

Kazakhstan: قزاقستان
Abai Kununbaev Museum; Museums and Art Galleries; Almaty City History Museum; Central State Museum; Geology Museum; Kazakhstan Museum of Arts.

Russia: روسیه
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts; State Historical Museum; State Hermitage; State Darwin Museum; State Russian Museum; Zurab Tsereteli’s Art Gallery; Novosibirsk State Art Museum; Moscow Kremlin.

Greece: یونان
Acropolis Museum; National Archaeological Museum of Athens; Benaki Museum; Athinais Culture Center; Athens War Museum; Archaeological Museum of Komotini.

Italy: ایتالیا
Vatican Museums, Rome; Galleria Palatina, Florence; Musei Capitolini, Rome; Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.

Vietnam: ویتنام
War Remnants Museum, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, National Museum of Vietnamese History, Museum of Cham Sculpture,

Turkey: ترکیه
Hagia Sophia, Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum, Istanbul Archaeology Museums, Istanbul Modern Art Museum, Jewish Museum of Turkey. 

France: فرانسه
The Louvre, Musée d’Orsay, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée Rodin, Palace of Versailles.

Thailand: تایلند
Royal Barge Museum; Museum of Siam; Bang Khun Thien Museum; Bangkok Planetarium; Prasart Museum.

Nepal: نپال
National Museum of Nepal, Hanumandhoka Palace Complex, Pujarimath Museum, Kapilvastu Museum.

Iraq: عراق
National Museum of Iraq; Mosul Museum, Tikrit Museum, Baghdadi Museum.

Japan: ژاپن
Tokyo National Museum; National Museum of Art, Osaka; Adachi Museum of Art; Museum of Modern Art, Toyama.

اگر برای IELTS Cue Card شماره ۴۴ خود را آماده کردید، می توانید با تغییرات جزیی به موضوعات کیو کارت های زیر هم به همین صورت جواب دهید:

۱٫  Describe a worth visiting place in your city.
2.  Talk about a museum you have visited.
3. Describe a place where you would like to go.
4. Describe an interesting place you have visited.

۱) مکانی در شهرتان را که ارزش دیدن دارد توصیف کنید.

۲) درباره ی موزه ای که بازدید کرده اید صحبت کنید.

۳) مکانی را که دوست دارید به آنجا بروید ، توصیف کنید.

۴) مکان جالبی را که از آن بازدید کرده اید توصیف کنید.

اگر مطالب IELTS Cue Card شماره ۴۴ برایتان مفید بود و هنوز درمورد بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس یا سایر بخش های این آزمون سوال یا نیاز به تمرین بیشتر داشتید، پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی خصوصی تضمینی ایلتس شرکت کنید تا با بهره مندی از کمک های اساتید باتجربه ی آیلتس، نمره ی ایده آل خود را از این آزمون سرنوشت ساز بدست آورید.

اگر هم قصدتان توانایی مکالمه به زبان انگلیسی است به شما شرکت در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی آنلاین ۲۴talk را پیشنهاد میکنیم که با تمرکز بر روی تقویت مهارت مکالمه، دوره‌های خصوصی و نیمه خصوصی در سطوح مختلف برای شما زبان آموزان عزیز ارائه می کند.

جواب نمونه و نکات برگرفته از سایت: ielts-mentor