زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۱۸ دقیقه

IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۸ :

یکی از سوال‌هایی که ممکنه در بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس (IELTS Speaking) پرسیده بشه توصیف مدرسه ایه که دوران کودکی آنجا می رفتی. سوالی که از شما پرسیده میشه اینه:

IELTS Cue Card: Describe a school you went to in your childhood

برای پاسخ به این سوال باید سه موضوع را در نظر داشته باشید:

کجا بودWhere it was
چه شکلی بودWhat it was like
آنجا چه یاد گرفتیWhat you learned there

و توضیح دهید که نسبت به آن چه احساسی داشتید.

در ادامه با انواع سوال هایی که در بخش سوم پرسیده میشود آشنا می شویم و بعد چند نمونه جواب را برای هر بخش و هر سوال بررسی میکنیم و لغات مهم و کاربردی استفاده شده در جواب را با هم مرور می کنیم.

مطالعه ی IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۸ به شما کمک میکند تا خود را برای بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس آماده کنید و دایره ی لغات مورد نیاز برای این بخش را افزایش دهید.

سوالات بخش ۳

What’s the difference between teachers now and teachers in the past?

تفاوت بین معلمان امروزی با معلمان قدیم چیست؟

What’s the difference between being taught by a teacher and being taught by AI?

تفاوت بین تدریس توسط معلم با تدریس توسط هوش مصنوعی چیست؟

What’s the difference between a private school and a public school?

تفاوت بین مدرسه خصوصی و مدرسه دولتی چیست؟

What’s the difference between international schools and other schools?

تفاوت بین مدارس بین المللی و سایر مدارس چیست؟

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۲

I went to quite a few schools when I was a kid as my parents moved around the country a lot because of their work. One that particularly sticks out in my mind is my primary school.
It was in the north of England in a small little town. Most of the buildings there were at least a hundred years old and the town itself hadn’t really changed that much over the years.
This primary school was in a very old building that was originally a mansion. The building was repurposed several decades before I started attending, and in many ways it looked like a more inviting building compared to some newer schools.
I remember I wasn’t very fond of it at first. It rained a lot and the playground was prone to flooding. On my first day I stepped in one of the puddles and spent the rest of the day with wet feet. I think this shaped my view of the school because first impressions really do count.
I learned a lot there though. The teachers were very friendly and welcoming, and were eager to teach in an energetic and enthusiastic way. They had to follow the standard national curriculum but when possible they’d add in something extra to help us learn the material better.
The school had a really excellent reputation in the area, and I believe this is why my parents chose this school. I attended it for a few years until it was time to move once again.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Sticks out (phrasal verb – برجسته بودن)Something that’s very noticeable because it’s different is said to stick out.

Example: If you dye your hair purple and blue, you’ll really stick out at work.

Repurpose (verb – برای چیزی کاربرد جدید پیدا کردن)To find a new use for an idea, product, building, or something else.

Example: The company repurposed some of their old computer equipment and made some modern art with it.

Prone (adjective – در معرض چیزی بودن)If you’re prone to do something, you’re likely to do something or likely to be affected by something. Usually it’s something bad.

Example A: She’s prone to stealing from the company.

Example B: The region is prone to flooding in the winter.

Example C: He’s prone to getting headaches.

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۳

What’s the difference between teachers now and teachers in the past?

تفاوت بین معلمان امروزی با معلمان قدیم چیست؟

I think teachers in the past used to be more authoritarian and willing to dole out physical punishments. They were very strict and if a student stepped out of line they’d be harshly punished.
There’s been a lot of research that shows that unpleasant teachers are likely to negatively impact learning outcomes. Of course it’s necessary for a teacher to discipline unruly students, but it’s no longer acceptable for them to resort to physical punishments. In fact, nowadays if a teacher hit a student, they’d almost certainly be fired and possibly even find themselves in hot water with the police.
Teachers nowadays are also more likely to use technology in the classroom. Computers and other such devices weren’t available in the past, and so obviously couldn’t be used. Most students today have laptops or tablets, and use these to write assignments as well as do research. This means that students and teachers will have more information at their fingertips and will be able to explain topics in more detail. In the past, this would have required a trip to a library, which would be vastly more time-consuming.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   آیلتس کیوکارد IELTS Cue Card شماره 74 :توصیف رودخانه/دریا

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Authoritarian (adjective – مستبد)Someone who demands that people obey them completely and refuses them the freedom to act as they wish can be described as being authoritarian.

Example: His manner is extremely authoritarian.

Dole out (phrasal verb – اهدا کردن)To give something to several people.

Example: The government has agreed to dole out an additional $5 million in education grants.

Step out of line (idiom – قانون شکنی کردن)If you break the rules or do something wrong, you’re said to step out of line.

Example: If you step out of line, you will be punished.

Harshly (adverb – به طرز بدی)To do something in an unkind or severe way.

Example: I thought she’d been treated too harshly.

Unruly (adjective – یاغی)Unruly things or people are difficult to control.

Example A: The students in the class were very unruly and the teacher had to yell at them.

Example B: My hair is really unruly today and it’s sticking up at the back.

Resort (noun – متوسل شدن)If you have to do something because there is no other way of achieving it, you’re said to resort to doing it.

Example: He got hold of the money legally, without resorting to crime.

In hot water (idiom – به دردسر انداختن)If you’re in a difficult situation in which you’re likely to be punished, you’re said to be in hot water.

Example: Emails that criticize others can land you in hot water.

At your fingertips (idiom – دم دست)If you have something at your fingertips you can get it and use it very easily. Usually it’s related to information.

Example: He has all the information he needs at his fingertips.

Time-consuming (adjective – زمان بر)Something that takes a long time to do.

Example: Writing a book is a very time-consuming job.

What’s the difference between being taught by a teacher and being taught by AI?

تفاوت بین تدریس توسط معلم با تدریس توسط هوش مصنوعی چیست؟

I’m not currently aware of any students that are being taught by artificial intelligence, but it’s likely where the future is headed.
I don’t think that teachers will be completely replaced by AI in the future, but likely AI will complement a human teacher and improve a student’s ability to learn.
I think the biggest difference between a human teacher and AI is that the human teacher is going to be able to inspire their students to a greater degree. In addition, AI isn’t going to be able to demonstrate empathy which is crucial for the learning process. Perhaps in the distant future AI will be able to completely replace human teachers, but that’s an almost unimaginable reality.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Artificial intelligence (noun – هوش مصنوعی)The use of computer technology to make computers and other machines think and do things in the way that people can. It’s abbreviated to AI.

Example: My car uses artificial intelligence to drive itself.

Headed (adjective – به سمتی رفتن)Going in a particular direction.

Example: Which way are you headed?

To a greater degree (idiom – مقدار بیشتر)An amount of something that is larger than it otherwise would be.

Example: People are able to invest to a greater degree if they get good financial advice.

Empathy (noun – همدلی)Empathy is the ability to understand how someone else feels, usually because you’ve experienced a similar situation, and you can put yourself in their shoes.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   دانلود کتاب Vocabulary English in Context

Example: Mary had a lot of empathy for Robert when he said his dog had died.

Unimaginable (adjective – غیر قابل تصور)Something that’s very difficult to imagine because it’s so good, so bad, so big, etc.

Example: Space is unimaginably big.

What’s the difference between a private school and a public school?

تفاوت بین مدرسه خصوصی و مدرسه دولتی چیست؟

I think the key difference is cost. Private schools are very expensive and the tuition fees are often sky high. This puts private schools out of reach for most parents.
I think a lot of parents wish they had the means to send their children to a private school, but in most cases public schools rival all but the very best private schools.
Private schools are usually better funded and have smaller classrooms. This means that teachers are less stressed and aren’t spread too thin. They’re able to pay more attention to individual students and, in theory, learning should be better.
As they’re better funded, they’ll have more resources at their disposal. For example, a chemistry lab may be better equipped and the students will be able to perform more sophisticated experiments that just wouldn’t be possible in many public schools.
I think a lot of public schools are struggling to balance their budget and are constantly having to find ways to cut back. Many such schools are woefully underfunded and it’s commonly becoming a hot topic among politicians that are concerned the next generation is being underserved by the public education system.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Key (adjective – کلیدی)Something that’s key is very important and has a lot of influence on other people or things.

Example: She was a key figure in the art world.

Sky high (adjective – افزایش شدید)Something that’s sky high is very high, usually used with prices.

Example: The price of oil went sky-high when the war broke out.

Out of reach (idiom – خارج از دسترس)It’s used for saying that someone cannot have something or do something because they don’t have enough money or skill.

Example: There were many times when I thought my dream of having a cat was out of reach.

Means (noun – پول برای خرید چیزی)Money, for example, from an income, that allows you to buy things.

Example: He has the means to buy half the houses on this street if he wanted to.

Spread too thin (idiom – چندین کار را با هم انجام دادن)If you try to do too many things at the same time, so that you can’t give enough time or attention to any of them, you are said to be spreading yourself too thin.

Example: I realized I’d been spreading myself too thin so I dropped two of my classes.

Pay attention (idiom – توجه کردن)To listen to, watch, or consider something or someone very carefully.

Example: I hope you’re paying attention because you’ll be tested later.

At your disposal (idiom – در خدمت شما)If something is at your disposal it’s able to be used by you, or able to help you.

Example: I have a car and a driver at my disposal while I’m in Mexico.

Sophisticated (adjective – پیچیده)Something that’s complicated or complex.

Example: The technology is quite sophisticated.

Balance the budget (idiom – تراز کردن بودجه)If you balance a budget, you make the amount of money that’s spent equal the amount that’s received during a particular period.

Example: The government is required to balance the budget.

Cut back (phrasal verb – کاهش دادن)To reduce the amount of something, especially money that you spend.

Example: It’s time we cut back a little.

Woefully (adverb – به شدت)It’s used to emphasize how bad a situation really is.

Example: The school’s textbooks are woefully out of date.

Hot topic (noun – بحث داغ روز)A hot topic is a subject that a lot of people are discussing and care about. It’s often something that a lot of people disagree about.

Example: Global warming is a hot topic these days.

Underserved (adjective – خدمات کمی دریافت کردن)Someone or something that’s provided with an inadequate service.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   تقویت چهار مهارت اصلی در آیلتس

Example: The children in the ghetto are underserved.

What’s the difference between international schools and other schools?

تفاوت بین مدارس بین المللی و سایر مدارس چیست؟

I was asking a friend who attended an international school what the differences are. He said the biggest one was the breadth of languages that are spoken.
He went to a school for the children of diplomats. There were kids that had come from all over Europe, from different cultural backgrounds, and fluent in different languages. The school would have to cater to all these different students, and some students would have been taught in French, whereas others would have been taught in German or English.
Every day he’d hear a multitude of European languages and the language teachers the school employed were top notch. As a result, when he graduated he was able to speak five languages, which has put him one step ahead those who are monolingual.
Most other schools don’t have such an emphasis on language tuition. While they may teach other languages, many students will graduate with only a rudimentary knowledge of French or German, and will promptly forget what they’ve learned.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Background (noun – پس زمینه)The things that have made you in the person you are, especially family, experience, and education.

Example: The school has students from many different backgrounds.

Cater to (phrasal verb – در خدمت کسی بودن)To provide people with something they want or need, especially something that’s unusual.

Example: There are more and more TV shows catering to young male audiences.

Multitude (noun – متعدد)A large number of things or people.

Example: The city has a multitude of problems.

Top notch (adjective – درجه یک)Something that’s top notch is excellent.

Example: The restaurant is really top notch.

One step ahead (idiom – یک قدم جلو بودن)If you’re one step ahead you’re a little bit more prepared, skilled, or successful than other people.

Example: I’ve been working extra hard so that I’m one step ahead of the guy that’s trying to take my job.

Monolingual (adjective – یک زبانه)Someone who knows only one language.

Example: Most British people are monolingual and they can’t speak any other language.

اگر مطالب IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۸ برایتان مفید بود و هنوز درمورد بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس یا سایر بخش های این آزمون سوال یا نیاز به تمرین بیشتر داشتید، پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی فشرده ایلتس شرکت کنید تا با بهره مندی از کمک های اساتید باتجربه ی آیلتس، نمره ی ایده آل خود را از این آزمون سرنوشت ساز بدست آورید.

اگر هم قصدتان توانایی مکالمه به زبان انگلیسی است به شما شرکت در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی آنلاین ۲۴talk را پیشنهاد میکنیم که با تمرکز بر روی تقویت مهارت مکالمه، دوره‌های خصوصی و نیمه خصوصی در سطوح مختلف برای شما زبان آموزان عزیز ارائه می کند. برای دسترسی به مطالب مشابه بیشتر، از صفحه‌‌ی IELTS Cue Card ما دیدن کنید.