IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰ :

یکی از سوال‌هایِ که ممکنه در بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس (IELTS Speaking) پرسیده بشه توصیف تجربه ی یک بازی در محیط سرپوشیده با دیگران است. سوالی که از شما پرسیده میشه اینه:

IELTS Cue Card: Describe an experience when you played an indoor game with others

برای پاسخ به این سوال باید سه موضوع را در نظر داشته باشید:

چه بازی کردیدWhat you played
با چه کسی بازی کردیدWho you played it with
چرا آن را بازی کردیدWhy you played it

و توضیح دهید که نسبت به آن چه حسی داشتید.

در ادامه با انواع سوال هایی که در بخش سوم پرسیده میشود آشنا می شویم و بعد چند نمونه جواب را برای هر بخش و هر سوال بررسی میکنیم و لغات مهم و کاربردی استفاده شده در جواب را با هم مرور می کنیم.

مطالعه ی IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰ به شما کمک میکند تا خود را برای بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس آماده کنید و دایره ی لغات مورد نیاز برای این بخش را افزایش دهید.

سوالات بخش ۳

What indoor games do children like to play nowadays?

امروزه کودکان دوست دارند چه نوع بازی هایی را داخل خانه انجام دهند؟

What qualities should a team leader have?

سرگروه یا رهبر تیم چه خصوصیاتی باید داشته باشد؟

Is teamwork important?

آیا کار گروهی مهم است؟

What do you think of people spending too much time playing computer games?

فکر می کنید چرا افراد زمان زیادی را صرف بازی های کامپیوتری می کنند؟

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۲

I was never an outdoorsy kid and vastly preferred paying video games and board games too.
Unlike many video games, which can be played solo, board games require at least one other participant. Monopoly is no exception. It was one of my favorites because it combined strategy and lighthearted fun.
One of the last times I played Monopoly was with a best friend from school. He had a reputation for being a sore loser, but I decided to give him the benefit of the doubt and play with him anyway.
We started the game and it seemed to proceed as normal, until his luck nosedived and he started to lose. It was obvious he was becoming visibly upset, having gotten too invested in the game. In spite of this I tried to enjoy it without antagonizing him.
His facial expression quickly contorted further and he did something I’d never seen him do before: flip the board. All the pieces went flying and it was clear the game was over.
It took a few moments for it to sink in. I couldn’t believe my eyes. Without saying a word he stormed off, leaving me to clean up the mess he’d made.
A few days later I saw him in school again. He sheepishly apologized for what happened and suggested we try to find different non-competitive activities to do together instead.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Outdoorsy (adjective – کسی که از فعالیتهای خارج از خانه لذت میبرد)Someone that is outdoorsy really enjoys outdoor activities like camping and walking.

Example: He was really outdoorsy and loved backpacking, hiking, and mountain climbing.

Lighthearted (adjective – شاد و غیرجدی)Something that’s happy and not serious.

Example: It was a fairly light-heated conversation.

Sore loser (adjective – کسی که از باختن عصبانی میشود)Someone that becomes upset or angry when they lose a game or competition.

Example: Don’t be such a sore loser. I beat you three times because I’ve been playing this game a lot longer than you.

Give the benefit of the doubt (idiom – مبنا را اعتماد گذاشتن)If you give someone the benefit of the doubt, you act as if their behavior is honest or correct, even though you aren’t certain it is.

Example: Let’s give him the benefit of the doubt before we start accusing him. There may be a good explanation for the missing money.

Nosedived (verb – کاهش ناگهانی داشتن)If something nosedives, it suddenly and quickly decreases. It can be someone’s luck, a price, or any other amount of something or number.

Example: House prices nosedived in the economic recession.

In spite of this (idiom – با وجود این)It’s a phrase used for referring to a fact that makes something else surprising.

Example:In spite of his injury, he’s going to play football this weekend.

Antagonize (verb – عصبانی کردن)If you antagonize someone, you make them dislike you because they feel angry with you.

Example: She always antagonized her coworkers and they hated her.

Facial expression (noun – حالت صورت)The feelings expressed on a person’s face because of how their facial muscles have moved.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   آموزش زبان انگلیسی برای سفر

Example: Her facial expression clearly showed she was unhappy even if she didn’t say anything.

Contorted (adjective – گرفته و عبوس)If something is contorted, it means it’s twisted or bent in a way that doesn’t seem natural.

Example: His face was contorted in anger.

Sink in (phrasal verb – شیرفهم شدن)If something sinks in, it’s completely understood.

Example: She had to repeat her words several times before they finally sank in.

Couldn’t believe my eyes (idiom – اصلا باورم نمیشد)It’s a phrase that’s used for saying that someone is very surprised by something they’ve seen.

Example: I couldn’t believe my eyes when I saw my dog return home after being lost for two weeks.

Stormed off (idiom – با عصبانیت جایی را ترک کردن)If you storm off, you go somewhere very quickly because you’re angry or upset.

Example: Mary stormed off because nobody was listening to her in the meeting.

Sheepishly (adverb – با خجالت زدگی)If you do something sheepishly, it means you’re ashamed or embarrassed about what you’re doing.

Example: Mary came back sheepishly when she realized she’d overreacted.

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۳

What indoor games do children like to play nowadays?

امروزه کودکان دوست دارند چه نوع بازی هایی را داخل خانه انجام دهند؟

I’d say the trend has changed from board games like chess to video games because they’ve become more sophisticated and more fun to play.
It used to be the case that video game consoles, and the games themselves, were prohibitively expensive, sums that were far out of reach for most people. However that’s not the case nowadays. Almost everybody has a phone that can double as a gaming console and it’s common to see people playing some mindless game during their commute to work.
I think some people think that video games are a solitary activity, but there are plenty where the players work together in a team to achieve a common objective. I know of a few people who have made good friends with other players, sometimes even meeting up in real life. I think that’s really amazing and would have been almost unimaginable just a decade or so ago.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰

Out of reach (idiom – دور از دستری)It’s used for saying that someone cannot have something or do something because they don’t have enough money or skill.

Example: There were many times when I thought my dream of having a cat was out of reach.

Double (adjective – دوبل)Something that has two different uses or features.

Example: The city’s plan should have the double benefit of reducing traffic and protecting the environment.

Mindless (adjective – آسان و بی دردسر، بیمعنی)If something is mindless, it means it doesn’t need a lot of mental effort. It can also be something stupid and pointless.

Example A: People waste a lot of time doing mindless things.

Example B: The movie is full of mindless violence

Example C: It’s fairly mindless work. I don’t have to think a lot when I’m doing it.

Solitary activity (adjective – فعالیت تک نفره)A solitary activity is one that you do alone.

Example: People often like solitary activities, such as walking alone in the park or playing computer games.

Or so (phrase – تقریبا)It’s a phrase that’s used after an amount of money, time, or some other number to show that the amount isn’t exact, or is approximate.

Example: They raised $200 or so for charity.

What qualities should a team leader have?

سرگروه یا رهبر تیم چه خصوصیاتی باید داشته باشد؟

I think there’s many, but perhaps the key one is empathy. A good leader should be experienced enough to be able to understand the daily struggles that many employees face. They should be able to put themselves in their employees’ shoes.
I think if they’re unable to be empathetic, they may treat employees unfairly and overwhelm them with too much work.
I’d say also kindness is a key leadership quality and goes hand in hand with empathy. Not all team members will have a good day, and some will show up to work cranky or miserable. Many people would instinctively mirror this gloomy behavior, but responding to it kindly can turn their mood around.
I’ve had both good team leaders and bad team leaders. In every case it was inordinately harder to leave a job when I had a good relationship with my manager. However, moving on to better prospects was a walk in the park when the manager could be likened to an angry dragon!

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰

Key (adjective – کلیدی و مهم)Something that’s key is very important and has a lot of influence on other people or things.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   مکالمه انگلیسی در محل کار: مشاوره شغلی

Example: She was a key figure in the art world.

Empathy (noun – همدردی کردن)Empathy is the ability to understand how someone else feels, usually because you’ve experienced a similar situation, and you can put yourself in their shoes.

Example: Mary had a lot of empathy for Robert when he said his dog had died.

Put themselves in their employees’ shoes (idiom – خود را جای کارمندان خود گذاشتن)If you put yourself in someone’s shoes, it means you can imagine what it’s like to be someone else.

Example: Put yourself in my shoes — it was a really scary experience.

Hand in hand (idiom – دست در دست)If something goes hand in hand, it means two things are closely connected or related.

Example: Cookies and milk go hand in hand.

Show up (phrasal verb – جایی ظاهر شدن)If you appear or arrive somewhere, you are said to show up there.

Example: Tom showed up at my door to apologize for his rude remarks.

Cranky (adjective – بداخلاق و بی حوصله)Someone that’s cranky is in a bad mood or irritable.

Example: He’s been cranky all day. He needs to take a nap now so that he’s not cranky at his birthday party.

Mirror (verb – تقلید کردن)If you copy someone or you’re very similar to them in some way, you could be said to be mirroring them.

Example: Her on-screen romances seemed to mirror her experiences in her private life.

Inordinately (adverb – بی اندازه)In a way that is much more than usual or expected.

Example: She was inordinately fond of her pets.

Walk in the park (idiom – کاری آسان و بی دردسر)Something that’s really easy to do is a walk in the park.

Example: I’ve been running marathons for years, so this 5K run will be a walk in the park for me.

Likened to (phrasal verb – شبیه چیزی بودن)If someone or something is similar to someone or something else, they can be liked to each other.

Example: The human body can be likened to a machine.

Is teamwork important?

آیا کار گروهی مهم است؟

It depends on the situation.
In cases where the activity is more of a solitary activity, no, for self explanatory reasons.When an objective can only be achieved as part of a team, yes. In this case it’s important for everybody to pull their weight and do their best, but at the same time they may need to make sacrifices or share the limelight with others.
A lot of sports are team sports, and if all the team members don’t pull together as one cohesive unit, they’re all but guaranteed to lose the game.
I think introverts like myself would generally shy away from team activities, and gravitate towards solitary activities that require less cooperation and interaction with others.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰

Self explanatory (adjective – بدیهی)Something that’s self-explanatory is easy to understand without any explanation. Usually it’s easily understood from the information that’s already given and doesn’t need any further explanation.

Example: The instructions she gave were very self explanatory.

Pull their weight (idiom – به اندازه بقیه زحمت کشیدن)If someone pulls their weight they work as hard as other people in the same group.

Example: Other team members complained to their boss that Sarah wasn’t pulling her weight.

Limelight (noun – مرکزتوجه)The limelight is the attention that’s paid to someone, usually by the public. Often it’s because they’re famous or because they have done something very unusual or exciting. The word comes from the kind of brilliant white light that was in the past used to illuminate actors and actresses that were performing on stage.

Example: Tony became the CEO and was thrust into the limelight.

Pull together (pull together – با هم کار کردن)If people pull together, they work together to achieve something.

Example: Everyone pulled together during the flood to make sure everyone was safe.

Cohesive (adjective – منسجم)If something can be described as being cohesive, the parts fit well together to create one single thing.

Example: The group wasn’t cohesive. They were in competition with each other all the time.

All but guaranteed (phrase – تضمینی بدون اینکه واقعا ضمانتی باشد)If something is all but guaranteed, it means it’s as close to being guaranteed as it can be without actually being guaranteed. Another way to say this is it’s virtually guaranteed.

Example: It was all but guaranteed we’d make it home before midnight, but sometimes the bus is late.

Shy away (phrasal verb – از چیزی دوری کردن)If you shy away from something, you avoid it because you dislike, fear, or don’t feel confident about it.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   فراموش کردن لغات جدید در زبان انگلیسی

Example: She always shied away from doing presentations at work because she didn’t like speaking in front of other people.

Gravitate towards (phrasal verb – به سمت چیزی کشیده شدن)If you gravitate toward something, you are attracted to it and go towards it.

Example: People tend to gravitate toward the kitchen at parties.

What do you think of people spending too much time playing computer games?

فکر می کنید چرا افراد زمان زیادی را صرف بازی های کامپیوتری می کنند؟

Personally I don’t have a problem with it. I think everyone should be able to choose how they spend their time and if they opt to play computer games to a degree that some might consider excessive, so be it.
I suppose there is a line that could be drawn, past which the games may have a negative impact on other activities that are essential, such as working, studying, exercising, or maintaining personal hygiene. But absent such problems I don’t see a problem.
Personally I used to play a lot more video games than I do now. I noticed that it was having a negative impact on my studies and so I made a decision to cut out gaming for a while until I had more time to devote to it. That time never came and to be honest, I don’t really miss them.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰

Opt (verb – انتخاب کردن)If you opt for something, you choose it. In particular you might choose it instead of something else.

Example: Mary opted to retire early.

To a degree (idiom – تا حدی)It’s a phrase that means partly.

Example: To some degree I think he’s right, but there are other factors that affect the situation.

So be it (idiom – برای موافقت با چیزی که از آن راضی نیستی به کار میرود)It’s used to say that you accept a situation as it exists, but you’re not happy about it.

Example: If she wants to spend all her money on clothes, so be it!

Draw a line (idiom – خط و خطوط کشیدن)To draw a line means to set a boundary, indicating what you’re unwilling or unable to do.

Example: He’s going to draw a line at repainting the whole house.

Cut out (phrasal verb – از زندگی حذف کردن)If you cut something out you stop doing something and remove it from your life. It usually refers to something unhealthy or harmful.

Example: I’m trying to cut out chocolate completely.

اگر مطالب IELTS Cue Card شماره ۲۰ برایتان مفید بود و هنوز درمورد بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس یا سایر بخش های این آزمون سوال یا نیاز به تمرین بیشتر داشتید، پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی خصوصی تضمینی ایلتس شرکت کنید تا با بهره مندی از کمک های اساتید باتجربه ی آیلتس، نمره ی ایده آل خود را از این آزمون سرنوشت ساز بدست آورید.

اگر هم قصدتان توانایی مکالمه به زبان انگلیسی است به شما شرکت در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی آنلاین ۲۴talk را پیشنهاد میکنیم که با تمرکز بر روی تقویت مهارت مکالمه، دوره‌های خصوصی و نیمه خصوصی در سطوح مختلف برای شما زبان آموزان عزیز ارائه می کند.