پادکست British Council سطح B1 شماره ۶ : An introduction to a lecture

با ششمین قسمت از پادکست British Council سطح B1 (پایه intermediate) همراه شما هستیم.

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تمرین آمادگی

کلمات ستون سمت چپ را به معنی آن ها در ستون راست وصل کن: (جواب تمرین در انتهای صفحه)

معانی Definitionلغات Vocabulary
a. so interested in something that you do not notice
anything else
b. the way you understand or think about something
c. to forget about
d. the process of giving all of your attention to something
e. someone who studies the human mind
f. the physical or mental condition of a person at a
specific time
perception
to lose track of
a psychologist
a state
concentration
absorbed

حالا به پادکست گوش کن. در این قسمت قراره به مقدمه ی یک لکچر در یک کلاس روانشناسی گوش بدی. با گوش دادن به پادکست هم می تونی مهارت شنیداریت رو تقویت کنی و هم کلی عبارت و کلمه ی کاربردی یاد بگیری.

British Council – Intermediate:An introduction to a lecture

پادکست British Council سطح B1 شماره 6

متن پادکست:

Good afternoon, everyone. Welcome to the first lecture of our new course in Positive Psychology. While some people may associate psychology with looking at what’s wrong with us, and at what problems we have, there is much more to psychology than that. Positive psychology, for example, looks at how to help people become happier.

This lecture begins with a question: what makes a happy life?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - احتیاط و پیشگیری

Now, I’m going to give you one possible answer. A happy life is a life in which you are completely absorbed in what you do. Now, how does this compare with what you and your partner said? 

This answer comes from the work of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and the theory of flow. Csikszentmihalyi is a psychologist who has spent much of his professional life on the study of what makes people happy and how we can find happiness.

Csikszentmihalyi suggests the theory that happiness is not caused by external events or things that happen to us. Our perception of these things and how we see these events either makes us happy or sad. In other words, if we want happiness, we have to actively look for it. However, this does not mean that we should always look for happiness! Csikszentmihalyi believed that our happiest moments happen when we are in a state of flow.

The theory of flow can be summarised like this: when we are totally involved in, or focused on, what we are doing, we are in a state of flow.

Csikszentmihalyi got the inspiration for this theory when he noticed how artists worked in a studio. They completely lost track of time, they didn’t notice they were hungry or tired, and they could work for hours, even days, without stopping. Anyone I have spoken to who has experienced this state of concentration has said it’s difficult to explain. The best way to explain it is that it is like being in a river and the flow of the water carries you away.

For the rest of this lecture, I will explore this theory of flow in more detail. First we will look at Csikszentmihalyi’s life, and how it influenced his ideas. Then we will look at the conditions that go with a state of flow. What creates flow, exactly? Finally, we will look at activities that can help us achieve flow in our everyday lives. Will this course make you happy for life? Well, maybe. Maybe. 

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست British Council سطح A2 شماره 9

Right, let’s get started. If you look at the next slide …

حالا به سوالات زیر جواب بده:

تسک ۱:

جملات زیر را به ترتیبی که شنیدی مرتب کن:

What makes a happy life?

Csikszentmihalyi and his work

An outline of the rest of the lecture

The difference between psychology and positive psychology

Examples of flow

تسک ۲

جملات زیر درست (True) است یا نادرست (False) ؟

۱) Positive psychology focuses on people’s problems

۲) The teacher asks the students to define a happy life

۳) Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi believes that external events are the main
things that make us happy or sad.

۴) Csikszentmihalyi believes that a happy life means being very focused
on what you do.

۵) Csikszentmihalyi studied depression, and from there learned about
happiness.

۶) Flow means being completely absorbed in what you are doing

۷) Csikszentmihalyi was influenced by watching creative people.

۸) The rest of the lecture will look at what other psychologists think of this
theory.

جواب ها

۱) b

۲) c

۳) e

۴) f

۵) d

۶) a

تسک ۱

۱٫ The difference between psychology and positive psychology

۲٫ What makes a happy life?

۳٫ One definition of a happy life

۴٫ Csikszentmihalyi and his work

۵٫Examples of flow

۶٫An outline of the rest of the lecture

تسک ۲

۱٫ False

۲٫ True

۳٫ False

۴٫True

۵٫False

۶٫True

۷٫True

۸٫False

امیدوارم از پادکست British Council سطح B1 شماره ۶ لذت برده باشید. برای دسترسی به قسمت های دیگر این پادکست می توانید از صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk دیدن کنید.

همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.