زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۸ دقیقه

سلام با هشتاد و سومین قسمت از مجموعه “Words and Their Stories” (کلمات و داستان آن ها) از سری پادکست‌های VOA در خدمت شما هستیم. این مجموعه پادکست به توضیح اصطلاحات رایج زبان انگلیسی، داستان ایجاد شدنشون و نحوه استفاده از آن ها در مکالمه می پردازه. در این قسمت از پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – فضولی نکن قراره با کاربرد و معنی اصطلاح بسیار رایج “Curiosity killed the cat” (کنجکاوی گربه رو به کشتن داد!) آشنا بشی. در کنارش چندین اصطلاح و کلمه ی جالب و کاربردی دیگه هم مرتبط با کنجکاوی (یا همون فضولی!) یاد میگیری که لیست این کلمه ها به همراه معنی اون ها در پایان مطلب قرار گرفته.

اصطلاح “Curiosity killed the cat” (کنجکاوی گربه رو به کشتن داد!) جمله ایه که وقتی می خوای به کسی بگی تو کارت فضولی نکنه ازش استفاده می کنی. وقتی کسی تو کاری که بهش مربوط نیست فضولی میکنه میگن “stick your nose into other people’s business“. کسی هم که کارش فضولی کردن باشه بهش میگن: “nosy

VOA – Words and Their Stories83 : ‘Curiosity Killed the Cat’

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - کنجکاوی زیاد خطرناکه
FILE – A cat runs into a bullfighting ring in Bogota, Colombia, on January 28, 2018. Maybe it was curious about the bullfight. (AFP PHOTO / Raul Arboleda)

متن انگلیسی پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – فضولی نکن :

Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.

Our weekly program is about the words, expressions and idioms we use in American English.

In any language, idioms can be difficult. Sometimes, you need to know a lot of ‘cultural backstory’ — the meaning behind the words — to understand these sayings. And using them the right way can cause problems for English learners.

But do not worry. Even people who grew up in the United States speaking English have problems with some of these idioms.

On another Words and Their Stories, we told how the idiom “blood is thicker than water” is misunderstood. This week we talk about another expression Americans usually get wrong.

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That expression is: Curiosity killed the cat.

I know. It does not sound very nice. But trust me. It’s not that bad.

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - کنجکاوی زیاد خطرناکه
“You better not be talking about me!” Well, at least his face seems to be saying that.

First, let’s start with the word “curious.”

The word curious means to want to know things you don’t know; to investigate. So to be curious is not a bad thing. Adults and teachers often praise children with curious minds for asking questions — sometimes a lot of questions!

Curious people can be very interesting. They want to know more about the world around them. Another way of saying curious is inquisitive. The verb “inquire” means to ask one or more questions.

However, prying is a form of curiosity but not in a good way. Someone who is said to be prying into other people’s business wants to know about things that do not concern them. And often prying is an effort to find out secrets by looking for them in improper ways.

We often use it this way. We say to someone, “Look, I don’t mean to pry …” and then we go ahead and pry by asking them a personal question that is none of our business.

Sometimes when we pry we are simply concerned about someone. But it can still start trouble. So, as we said, curiosity is usually a good thing. But it can also put you in harm’s way.

“Curiosity killed the cat” is an idiom we use to warn people. Being curious can get you into trouble. We often use this expression when others ask prying questions.

People asking such questions are trying to find out something that is none of their business. They are being nosy.

Okay, so now, let’s hear an example of a nosy person asking prying questions by putting their nose where it does not belong.

So, last night I saw Tom out with a woman and it wasn’t Jessica!

Really? They haven’t broke up, have they?

I don’t think so. You know, I’m having lunch with Jessica tomorrow. Maybe I’ll ask her.

I wouldn’t do that if I were you.

Why? Aren’t you curious?

A little. But it’s not a good idea to stick your nose into other people’s business.

I’m not being nosy. I’m just … curious.

Well, you know what they say, “Curiosity killed the cat.” Just leave it alone.

Ahh … maybe you’re right.

Here’s the problem. “Curiosity killed the cat” is only part of the expression. The whole idiom goes like this: “Curiosity killed the cat, but satisfaction brought it back.”

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That last part really changes the meaning. The cat gets to live. Curiosity does not kill it. So, we use the first half of the saying as a warning: Be careful of the dangers of unnecessary investigation or experimentation! But the second part — “satisfaction brought it back” — shows that the risk might be worth it.

Not many English speakers know that in the original idiom the cat survives. But now you do! In the end, the way most Americans use the idiom is as a warning and they simply say “curiosity killed the cat.”

And that’s the end of Words and Their Stories for this week.

I’m Anna Matteo.

Anna Matteo wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor. The song at the end is The Cure singing “Love Cats.”

We missed you hissed the lovecats
We missed you hissed the lovecats

We’re so wonderfully wonderfully wonderfully
Wonderfully pretty!

Oh you know that I’d do anything for you…

لیست واژگان این پادکست

idiom (اصطلاح)– n. an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own

inquisitive (کنجکاو)– adj. tending to ask questions : having a desire to know or learn more

pry (فضولی کردن)– v. to try to find out about other people’s private lives

nosy (فضول)– adj. wanting to know about other people’s lives, problems, etc.

امیدوارم از پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – فضولی نکن لذت برده باشید. برای دسترسی به قسمت های دیگر این پادکست می توانید از صفحه ی پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk دیدن کنید.

همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های سطح بندی شده British Council می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk یا برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.

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گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه دنبال این هستی که مهارت های مکالمه زبان انگلیسیت رو بیشتر از این تقویت کنی بهت پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk شرکت کنی که با یه برنامه منسجم و خلاقانه کمک میکنه در زمان کوتاه بتونی به راحتی و روانی انگلیسی صحبت کنی.