زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۸ دقیقه

سلام با دوازدهمین قسمت از مجموعه “Words and Their Stories” (کلمات و داستان آن ها) از سری پادکست‌های VOA در خدمت شما هستیم. این مجموعه پادکست به توضیح اصطلاحات رایج زبان انگلیسی، داستان ایجاد شدنشون و نحوه استفاده از آن ها در مکالمه می پردازه. در این قسمت از پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – اصطلاحات روز پدر قراره با معنی و تاریخچه ی اصطلاح success has many fathers, but failure is an orphan آشنا بشی. . در کنارش چندین کلمه ی جالب و کاربردی دیگه هم یاد میگیری که لیست این کلمه ها به همراه معنی اون ها در پایان مطلب قرار گرفته.

اصطلاح success has many fathers, but failure is an orphan “موفقیت پدرهای زیادی داره اما شکست یتیمه.” معنیش یعنی: آدم ها خیلی سریع خودشون رو به موفقیت ها می چسبونن اما تا پای شکست میاد وسط همه ازش فاصله می گیرن انگار هیچ نسبتی باهاش ندارن.

VOA – Words and Their Stories12: Fathers Day Expressions

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - اصطلاحات روز پدر

متن انگلیسی پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – اصطلاحات روز پدر :

And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English.

Every year, the United States celebrates Father’s Day on the third Sunday in June. Other countries such as Britain, Canada, India, Ireland, Mexico also celebrate fathers on this Sunday in June.

But some countries choose to celebrate fathers at other times of the year. In Australia, Father’s Day is celebrated on the first Sunday in September. In Norway, Sweden, and Finland, the holiday falls on the second Sunday in November.

In countries with strong a Roman Catholic tradition — for example, Italy, Spain, and Portugal — Father’s Day falls on March 19. That is the main feast day of a religious holiday honoring Saint Joseph. He was the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ.

And China celebrates Father’s Day on August 8 – the eighth day in the eighth month of the year. Why on that day, you may ask? The word in Chinese for “eight” is ba and two of them — ba ba — is a term for “father” in Chinese.

Father and daughter playing by the water.
Father and daughter playing by the water.

Regardless of when or even if your country holds Father’s Day, today we will celebrate fathers around the world with a father-related expression:

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 80 - Microadventures

Success has many fathers, but failure is an orphan.

The phrase has this meaning: People are often quick to connect themselves to successful events and distance themselves from failed ones.

So you can use this expression when talking about people wanting to be close to success or far away from failure.

Here is an example.

Let us say you are working hard on a risky business project. There is a good chance that it could fail. For that reason, other people do not want to help you. They keep their distance. So, you are forced to work by yourself. Finally, you complete the project, and over time, it becomes a huge success.

So, you decide to throw a celebration party. Now, some of the people who thought it would fail come to your party. They want to be close to you and your successful project. They may say things like, “I knew you could do it.” or “I had a feeling this was a great idea!”

You can say to them, “Yes, success has many fathers…”

You don’t even need to say the whole phrase. They should understand the insult.

Several websites claim that the man who first used this phrase was an Italian diplomat named Count Caleazzo Ciano. He was married to a daughter of Benito Mussolini, Italy’s leader during World War II.

In 1961, U.S. President John F. Kennedy popularized this saying. Kennedy used the expression in a speech when he announced the failure of the U.S.-supported Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. Perhaps some people wanted to distance themselves from the failed invasion. But Kennedy, as Commander in Chief, could not. He changed a few words, but the meaning is still the same.

Here is part of his 1961 address to the American people.

FILE - U.S President John F. Kennedy is seen in a 1963 portrait.
U.S President John F. Kennedy is seen in a 1963 portrait

“There’s an old saying that victory has 100 fathers and defeat is an orphan. I’ve said as much as I feel can be usefully said by me in regard to the events of the past few days. Further statements, detailed discussions, are not to conceal responsibility, because I’m the responsible officer of the government, but merely because I, and that is quite obvious, but merely because I do not believe that such a discussion would benefit us during the present difficult situation.”

That was former president John F. Kennedy expanding on the phrase, Success has many fathers, but failure is an orphan.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 45 - Can we trust a smart speaker

And that is Words and Their Stories for Father’s Day. Until next time. I’m Anna Matteo.If I could get another chanceAnother walkAnother dance with himI’d play a song that would never ever endHow I’d love love loveTo dance with my father again

لیست واژگان این پادکست

feast (ضیافت) – n. a special meal with large amounts of food and drink : a large formal dinner

regardless (بدون در نظر گرفتن) – adv. despite everything

orphan (یتیم) – n. a child whose mother and father are dead

conceal (پنهان کردن، پوشاندن) – v. to keep (something) secret

merely (صرفا – فقط) – adv. nothing more than : only

obvious (واضح) – adj. easily discovered, seen, or understood

benefit (سود)– n. a good or helpful result or effect

امیدوارم از پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – اصطلاحات روز پدر لذت برده باشید. برای دسترسی به قسمت های دیگر این پادکست می توانید از صفحه ی پادکست VOA – اصطلاحات انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk دیدن کنید.

همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های سطح بندی شده British Council می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk یا برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه دنبال این هستی که مهارت های مکالمه زبان انگلیسیت رو بیشتر از این تقویت کنی بهت پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk شرکت کنی که با یه برنامه منسجم و خلاقانه کمک میکنه در زمان کوتاه بتونی به راحتی و روانی انگلیسی صحبت کنی.