زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۱۰ دقیقه

پادکست British Council سطح C1 شماره ۸ :Introverts – redressing the balance

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با هشتمین قسمت از پادکست British Council سطح C1 (پایه Advanced) همراه شما هستیم.

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قبل از گوش دادن به پادکست، تمرین آمادگی زیر را انجام بده. بعد به پادکست گوش کن و تمرین های آخر مطلب را با توجه به محتوای پادکست انجام بده.

تمرین آمادگی

کلمات ستون سمت چپ را به معنی آن ها در ستون راست وصل کن: (جواب تمرین در انتهای صفحه)

معانی Definitionلغات Vocabulary
a. a characteristic
b. different from the usual way of doing something
c. a person who enjoys spending time alone more than being
with other people
d. an outgoing, sociable person
e. the centre of attention
f. deep thought
g. to form a relationship with other people
h. to make quieter or less obvious
an introvert
an extrovert
charismatic
a trait
in the spotlight
to bond
to tone down
contemplation

حالا به پادکست گوش کن. در این قسمت قراره به مطلبی درمورد افراد درون گرا (introvert) گوش بدی. با گوش دادن به پادکست هم می تونی مهارت شنیداریت رو تقویت کنی و هم کلی عبارت و کلمه ی کاربردی یاد بگیری.

British Council – Advanced: Introverts – redressing the balance

پادکست British Council سطح C1 شماره 8

متن پادکست:

If I asked you to describe a great leader, I’d be willing to bet certain traits come to mind … someone charismatic, dynamic, inspiring, a confident public speaker. You’re probably imagining a man too, but that’s a bias we’ll save for another talk! We tend to think of great leaders as people who naturally take to the stage, who draw other people to them by their sheer presence, who are extroverts. But history has also been transformed by people who don’t fit these descriptions. People like Rosa Parks, Eleanor Roosevelt and Gandhi. These people would have described themselves as shy, quietly spoken … as introverts.

Of course we’re drawn to extroverts. They’re usually charming and persuasive, fun to be around. They’re not quietly in the corner somewhere reading a book where we might not notice them. Introverts are mostly happy to let the extroverts take the attention; they’d rather not be in the spotlight, they’d rather finish that book. If they become leaders, it’s not because they want to be the centre of attention, it’s because they feel compelled to act. They lead not because they enjoy giving orders but because circumstances have put them in a position to make change. If they’re the boss, they allow space for the ideas of others to grow because they’re not trying to make their mark. An introvert sounds like a pretty good boss, right? You won’t need to worry about them stealing your ideas or talking over you in a meeting.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 271 - The way we look

Some of our great creators are introverts too. People like the writer JK Rowling, the great thinker Darwin and the designer of the first Apple computer, Steve Wozniak. It turns out coming up with good ideas is easier when you’re engaged in quiet, solo contemplation than when you’re leading the cheerleading squad. Not that I’m saying there’s anything wrong with cheerleaders! Extroverts are great – some of my favourite people are extroverts. But why is the world so set up for extroverts and so hard for introverts? Why are we always encouraging our kids to speak up, join in, work as a team?

Nowadays, most schools and most workplaces are set up with the extrovert in mind. Children no longer sit in rows in desks, they sit in groups of four or six, doing group projects. Even subjects like maths and creative writing are taught with an emphasis on group collaboration, even though most writers sit alone in front of their computer or typewriter, with nothing between them and the blank page. A kid who prefers to go off into a corner and work alone starts to look like a problem. What’s wrong with Janie? Why isn’t she joining in? Studies show teachers think extroverts make better students, even though introverts actually tend to get higher grades. We’re telling our introverted kids something is wrong with them, that they need to be more sociable, more outgoing. We’re giving them fewer opportunities for the quiet contemplation they need in order to produce the best work and be their best selves.

And then at work we do the same. Most offices today are open plan, everyone working and creating noise in one big room, attending team-building workshops or group brainstorming sessions; the introverts’ worst nightmares. The introverts at school are judged negatively by their teachers and when they reach the workplace, they’re passed over for promotion into leadership positions. But introverts typically take fewer risks and make more careful decisions, and don’t we need those traits too?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - توصیف افراد خجالتی با گل

I’m not saying let’s get rid of extroverts and grab all those talkative, sociable performers at primary school and send them off to the library for four hours a day of solitude until they learn to tone it down. I’m not saying that at all. I’m saying we’re doing something like the opposite of that to introverts and we need to stop. We need to allow them space to be themselves and then we’ll end up getting the most out of our extroverts and our introverts. Let’s teach all our kids how to work with others and how to work on their own. Let’s create space in offices and at conferences for people to work on their own when they want to and give them the opportunity to come together to share ideas. Let’s give staff ‘away days’, where they go off into the woods, walk up a mountain or wherever, to work on something alone, as well as the ‘team-building day’ where everyone learns to dance salsa together.

The future is complicated, with a lot of huge, complex problems to solve. Let’s make sure we’ve got our best people working on those problems in the way that suits them best. And then we’ve got to make sure we listen to our extroverts and our introverts and everyone who sits somewhere in between on the scale. We’re going to need all of them.

حالا به سوالات زیر جواب بده:

تسک ۱

عبارات داخل پرانتز را در ستون مناسب قرار بده:

(get the best grades in school, are well suited to the way we teach and work nowadays , like group collaboration, are usually charming and persuasive , are seen as a problem at school, prefer days in the wilderness , can be very creative , like giving instructions)

برونگراها – Extroverts درون گراها – Introverts

تسک ۲

جملات زیر درست (True) است یا نادرست (False) ؟

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - گربه ای که قناری خورده

۱٫We usually underestimate introverts when we think of great leaders.

۲٫ Introverts only become leaders because something external makes them feel they should.

۳٫Thinking of good ideas is easier when you’re not interacting with other people

۴٫Creative subjects at school are best taught using group projects.

۵٫Introverts need to be more like extroverts if they want to get good grades.

۶٫Open-plan offices are designed for extroverts

۷٫We should encourage all children to work alone sometimes

۸٫We should encourage extroverts to work like introverts and vice versa.

جواب ها

۱٫ c

۲٫ d

۳٫ b

۴٫a

۵٫ e

۶٫ g

۷٫h

۸٫f

تسک ۱

ExtrovertsIntroverts
are well suited to the way we teach and work
nowadays
get the best grades in school
like group collaborationare seen as a problem at school
are usually charming and persuasiveprefer days in the wilderness
like giving instructionscan be very creative

تسک ۲

۱٫True

۲٫ True

۳٫ True

۴٫ False

۵٫False

۶٫True

۷٫True

۸٫False

امیدوارم از پادکست British Council سطح C1 شماره ۸ لذت برده باشید. برای دسترسی به قسمت های دیگر این پادکست می توانید از صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk دیدن کنید.

همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه دنبال این هستی که مهارت های مکالمه زبان انگلیسیت رو بیشتر از این تقویت کنی بهت پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk شرکت کنی که با یه برنامه منسجم و خلاقانه کمک میکنه در زمان کوتاه بتونی به راحتی و روانی انگلیسی صحبت کنی.