زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۱۷

سلام  با هفدهمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره مسائل سلامت روانی در محل کار صحبت میشه. تعداد زیادی از مردم از مشکلات بهداشت روان در محیط کار رنج می برند. این مسئله نه تنها زندگی را برای خودشان بسیار دشوار می‌کند، بلکه هزینه‌های کلانی را نیز برای کسب و کارها به همراه دارد. نیل و جورجینا درمورد کارهایی که مردم می توانند انجام دهند ، برای ایجاد تغییر در این زمینه صحبت می‌کنند.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

failing to address : not dealing with, not helping with

failing to address : بدون سر و کله زدن با، بدون کمک کردن به

colossal : huge, very big

colossal : بسیار بزرگ

contributor : someone who has something positive to give

contributor : کسی که چیزی مثبت برای بخشیدن دارد

to normalise : to make normal

to normalise : عادی ساختن

to suffer in silence : to have a problem but not discuss it or share it

to suffer in silence : مشکلی داشتن و درباره آن صحبت نکردن یا به اشتراک نگذاشتن

to cling onto (something) : to hold on tight to something

to cling onto (something) : به چیزی محکم چسبیدن

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 17 - The benefits of low emission zones

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Mental health in the workplace

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English. I’m Neil.

Georgina
And I’m Georgina.

Neil
Today we’re focussing on the topic of mental health at work.

Georgina
Yes, it’s an issue that can be difficult to see. If someone has an injury, like a broken leg or a serious medical issue, it’s obvious, and we can understand what’s happening. With mental health issues, though, there’s no physical sign and people who are experiencing difficulties maybe don’t get the same understanding as people who have medical problems.

Neil
It’s a topic that has been getting more publicity recently, particularly as members of the British royal family have been talking about it. Also, awareness is raised through events such as World Mental Health Day. And that is the topic of today’s quiz. World Mental Health Day is held every year on October 10th. It aims to raise awareness of mental health issues and their effects on people’s lives. In what year was it first held? Was it…

حتما این پست را بخوانید   استفاده از آهنگ‌های انگلیسی برای آموزش زبان به کودکان

A: 1992
B: 2002
C: 2012

What do you think, Georgina?

Georgina
I don’t know – I think it will be older than 2012, but as old as 1992? I don’t know. I’m going to go with 2002

Neil
OK. I’ll have the answer later in the programme and we’ll see if you’re right. Mental health problems are very difficult personally for those who suffer from them, and they also have an impact on businesses. Paul Farmer is head of the mental health awareness charity Mind. He spoke on the BBC World Service Business Daily programme about this. How much does he says it costs businesses in the UK?

Paul Farmer, CEO Mind 
We know that the cost of failing to address mental health in business is colossal. In the UK, it costs between 33 and 42 billion pounds a year, about $50 billion dollars, and round about 300,000 people fall out of work every year as a result of poor mental health. So that’s a huge cost to workplaces and to individuals. Behind those numbers, though, are the lives of talented, able, contributors who often just slide away from the workplace because they don’t get the right help and support for their mental health.

Neil
What figures did Paul Farmer give there?

Georgina
He gave the figure of about between 33 and £۴۲ billion – which is about $50 billion dollars.

Neil
That’s a lot of money!

Georgina
It is – in fact he called it colossal. This adjective means huge – really, really big. This is the cost to business he says of failing to address the mental health issue.

Neil
Failing to address means ignoring or not dealing with the problems. It leads to staff leaving work, and he says these people are contributors, they give something to the business in terms of their skill and experience.

Georgina
And because of mental health issues, which could be addressed but aren’t, those contributors are being lost to the business. So it costs companies more money to recruit and train new staff, and you can’t always replace the experience that is lost.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   دوره تربیت مدرس زبان

Neil
Let’s listen again.

Paul Farmer, CEO Mind
We know that the cost of failing to address mental health in business is colossal. In the UK, it costs between 33 and 42 billion pounds a year, about $50 billion dollars, and round about 300,000 people fall out of work every year as a result of poor mental health. So that’s a huge cost to workplaces and to individuals. Behind those numbers, though, are the lives of talented, able, contributors who often just slide away from the workplace because they don’t get the right help and support for their mental health.

Neil
In recent years it seems as if there has been more understanding of mental health issues, not just in the workplace but in society as a whole. Geoff McDonald is a campaigner for the organisation Minds at Work. He also spoke on the Business Daily programme about one way that things were getting a little better.

Geoff McDonald, Minds at Work 
I think what’s really changed is people telling their stories, and the more stories that we tell it kind of begins to normalise this. Every single story that we tell is like sending a lifeboat out into the ocean and the millions and millions of people who are suffering in silence, do you know what they do? They cling on to that lifeboat and they realise they’re not alone and they might just be normal.

Neil
So, because more people are talking about this issue, it begins to normalise it. This means it becomes ‘normal’. It’s not unusual, strange or hidden.

Georgina
There are people who suffer in silence – they keep to themselves and hide their problems from others, but because there is more publicity about this topic, they can begin to feel that they are not alone and they don’t have to suffer in silence.

Neil
People sharing their stories are like lifeboats for those who do suffer in silence. In this metaphor they can cling onto the lifeboats.

Right, we’re going to another look at today’s vocabulary, but first let’s have the answer to today’s quiz. When was the first World Mental Health Day? Was it…

حتما این پست را بخوانید   نوسانات نرخ ارز

A: 1992
B: 2002
C: 2012

Georgina, what did you say?

Georgina
I thought 2002.

Neil
It was actually earlier – 1992. Now, a review of our vocabulary.

Georgina
Failing to address is a phrase that means ignoring a problem or not trying to help with a problem.

Neil
Something colossal is very, very big.

Georgina
contributor is someone who has something to give, who is a positive benefit to, in this case, a business.

Neil
Then we have the verb to normalise, meaning to make something normal.

Georgina
Someone who suffers in silence, doesn’t talk about their problems and may hide them from others.

Neil
And finally, if you cling on to something, you hold on to it tightly, you don’t want to let it go. And that’s all from us from this programme. We look forward to your company again soon. In the meantime find us online, on social media and on the BBC Learning English app.

Georgina
Bye!

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