پادکست BBC شماره ۱۲

سلام  با دوازدهمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره طبیعت و قدرت آرامش بخش آن صحبت میشه. درمان بیماری‌ها به وسیله داروهای طبیعی هم در این بخش مورد بحث قرار گرفته.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

tonic : something that makes you feel happier and healthier

tonic : چیزی که باعث می‌شود شما احساس شادتر و سالم‌تر بودن بکنید

horticulture : the study or activity of growing garden plants

horticulture : مطالعه و یا فعالیت گیاهان در حال رشد

panacea : something that is believed to solve everything

panacea : چیزی که همه چیز را حل می‌کند

therapeutic : makes you feel better or healthier

therapeutic : باعث می‌شود احساس بهتری داشته باشید

biophilia : a passion for or empathy with the natural world and living things

biophilia : علاقه به همدلی یا همدلی با دنیای طبیعی و موجودات زنده

innate : a quality that you’re born with

innate : ذاتی که با آن متولد می‌شوید

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 11 - The benefits of low emission zones

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – The calming power of nature

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

.Neil: Hello, this is 6 Minute English. I’m Neil

.Georgina: And I’m Georgina

?Neil: Georgina, what do you do to cheer yourself up

.Georgina: Having a walk usually helps – especially if it’s in the countryside

Neil: Yes, being in all the green open space can certainly help us relax and de-stress – getting back to nature can be a tonic when you’re feeling down

!Georgina: A tonic is something that makes you feel happier and healthier. I’ll drink to that

Neil: Me too. But connecting with the natural world is particularly beneficial to people with mental health issues such as clinical depression. And it’s something that’s being called ‘ecotherapy’. More on that in a moment but here’s a question for you to answer, Georgina

.Georgina: OK, Neil. Fire away

Neil: Well, seeing or even hugging trees is a form of therapy, but how high is the world’s tallest tree thought to be? Is it
,a) 65.8 metres
b) 115.8 metres, or
c) 185.8 metres
?Georgina, any ideas

.Georgina: Not a clue – but let’s go for the highest figure of 185.8 metres

Neil: Are you sure? Well, we’ll have to wait until the end of the programme to find out. Now, the mental health charity, Mind, describes ecotherapy as a formal type of treatment which involves doing outdoor activities in nature. However, there’s not one simple definition, it just relates to doing activities outdoors

Georgina: Yes, it can involve doing many things, such as outdoor yoga or horticulture – another name for gardening. It doesn’t involve taking medication, but instead it just develops a person’s relationship with nature

Neil: It’s something Patricia Hasbach knows a lot about. She’s a clinical psychotherapist and told the BBC Radio programme Health Check how ecotherapy can help. Does she say it can help everyone

Patricia Hasbach, clinical psychotherapist

I often think about ecotherapy as another tool in the therapist’s toolbox. It’s not a panacea. It’s not going to erase somebody’s pain or grief. But it is a powerful tool, you know. Traditionally therapy has stopped at the urban boundary

Neil: So it’s interesting that she describes ecotherapy as a tool – something that can be used to achieve something else. Here is can be used to help improve someone’s mental health

Georgina: Ah, but she says it’s not a panacea – so not something that will solve everything – it won’t erase or get rid of someone’s pain. But going beyond what she calls the ‘urban boundary’, and into the natural world, means there is another method for helping people

Neil: Now, as we’ve mentioned, ecotherapy can take on many forms – doing art in a forest or running on a beach are all therapeutic. They’re things that makes you feel better or healthier

?Georgina: Well, I think that’s clear, but what is it about the outdoors that affects us

Neil: A good question, Georgina. It seems from research that our busy brains are always on guard, but when we get into nature it gets a break, there’s not so much to be on the lookout for and we can relax

Georgina: Well, it does seem the negative symptoms of urban life can benefit from a dose of nature – a dose is an amount of something. Let’s get a good explanation from an expert. Environmental psychologist Birgitta Gatersleben also spoke to the BBC Health Check programme and gave two reasons – one of them, she explained, was something called biophilia

Birgitta Gatersleben, environmental psychologist

Biophilia, very briefly, is really an innate positive response that people have with life and life-like features. The idea that nature reminds us of life, and if we (are) exposed to the natural elements then our sort of negative feelings get almost immediately replaced with positive emotions

Neil: Birgitta Gatersleben there explaining biophilia – which is a passion for or empathy with the natural world and living things

Georgina: She said biophilia is innate, which means is a quality that you’re born with. So basically, most of us were born to connect with nature – nature reminds us of life and gives us good, positive emotions

Neil: Naturally. OK. Well, Georgina, maybe getting today’s quiz question right will give you positive emotions. Earlier I asked you how high the world’s tallest tree is thought to be. Is it
,a) 65.8 metres
b) 115.8 metres, or
c) 185.8 metres
?What did you say

.Georgina: I said c) 185.8 metres

Neil: Oh dear, I’m afraid that’s far too high! The correct answer is 115.8 metres. Never mind. The tree, named Hyperion, is a type of redwood and was found in California in 2006

.Georgina: Well, that’s still very tall, and would be great to see

Neil: Now we’ve just got time to recap some of the vocabulary we’ve discussed, starting with tonic which can be a fizzy drink you mix with an alcoholic drink, but in the context of therapy it can mean something that makes you feel happier and healthier

.Georgina: Horticulture is the study or activity of growing garden plants – in other words, gardening

.Neil: A panacea is something believed to solve everything

.Georgina: If something is therapeutic, it makes you feel better or healthier

.Neil: We also discussed biophilia, which is a passion for or empathy with the natural world and living things

.Georgina: And innate means a quality that you naturally have – you’re born with it

Neil: Well, as you know I have an innate quality for presenting this programme – but now it’s time to go. Please join us next time, and don’t forget to check us out on your favourite social media platform, on our app and of course the website bbclearningenglish.com. Goodbye

!Georgina: Bye

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