زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۱۵۴

سلام با صد و پنجاه و چهارمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره لباس‌های فرم در شغل‌های مختلف صحبت میشه. لباس‌های فرم علاوه بر نظم و زیبایی که بوجود می‌آورند به افراد شخصیت می‌دهند. این شخصیت باعث می‌شود که دیگران نوع دیگری به آن فرد فکر کنند و توقع داشته باشند.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

suits you : looks good on you

suits you : مناسب شماست

stand out : it’s noticeable or easy to see

stand out : برجسته

to fit in : belong to a particular group and are accepted by them

to fit in : متعلق به یک گروه خاص است و مورد قبول آنها است

persona : the character you present to the outside world – as opposed to the person you feel like inside

persona : شخصیتی که شما از خود به دنیای بیرون ارائه می‌دهید

liberating : feeling you can behave however you like

liberating : احساس می کنید می توانید همانطور که دوست دارید رفتار کنید

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 154 - Uniforms

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Uniforms

Neil
Welcome to 6 Minute English, where we introduce a colourful topic and six suitable items of vocabulary.

Tim
I’m Tim…

Neil
And I’m Neil. Why are you wearing a policeman’s hat, Tim?

Tim
To get me in the mood for our topic today – uniforms!

Neil
Well, the hat certainly suits you!

Tim
And if something suits you it looks good on you! Well, thanks, Neil. And funnily enough, I have a question for you on the subject of police hats! In the 19th century, police officers’ top hats could be used…

a) to stand on,
b) as a weapon or
c) to protect their heads from the sun?

Neil
Well, they’re kind of pointy so I’m going to say as a weapon.

Tim
OK. Let’s consider what the point of a uniform is. Why do some jobs have them while others don’t?

Neil
Well – The police, and other emergency services, like the fire brigade, and ambulance service – they need practical clothes to help them do their job.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 203 - Have you walked off your pizza

Tim
People need to recognize them too, don’t they?

Neil
Yeah, that’s right. A uniform makes people stand out from crowd.

Tim
If something stands out it’s noticeable or easy to see.

Neil
But uniform also allows you to fit in – it shows you belong to a particular group or organization – and people often enjoy that sense of community at work.

Tim
Do you think we should get some 6 Minute English T-shirts made, Neil?

Neil
Well, we share a sense of community without team T-shirts, Tim. Let’s listen to cultural historian, Joe Moran, talking about why wearing a uniform can also allow you to behave differently to the way you normally behave.

INSERT
Joe Moran, cultural historian
It’s a role and a genre that you adopt and it’s kind of – it’s something that’s not quite you. It’s kind of a persona that you can put on. In Germany they call it ‘maskenfreiheit’, which is the freedom conferred by masks. There’s something about taking on what is very clearly a persona or professional role, that can be liberating, I think.

Neil
So when you put on a uniform you are adopting a role or genre. Genre means a particular style. And a persona is a character you present to the outside world – as opposed to the person you feel like inside.

Tim
Joe Moran compares putting on a persona to putting on a mask. And he says this can be very liberating. But do you really think putting on a uniform liberates – or frees – us from the person we really are?

Neil
Maybe. If you’re shy, for example, a uniform might feel liberating because it allows you to behave more confidently. So, if you could choose a uniform and a new persona, what would it be, Tim?

Tim
Hmm. An airline pilot, I think. I’d look great in a blazer with brass buttons – and with the cap and mirror sunglasses. Hello, this is your captain speaking. We’ll shortly be arriving at LAX airport in sunny Los Angeles. Local time is 12.55 and it’s hot hot hot outside, so I hope you’ve packed plenty of sun cream.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   دوره آمادگی آزمون

Neil
OK Tim, stop, stop, stop, stop, stop! I can see you’d love being a pilot – or at least you’d love talking to your passengers!

Tim
What about you, Neil? What would you like to try on for size? A surgeon’s scrubs? A nun’s habit?

Neil
To try something on for size means to decide whether it’s what you want or not. No Tim… I’d go for a chef’s apron, checked trousers, a tall hat.

Tim
I think the uniform would suit you, but are you good at cooking, Neil?

Neil
I’m an excellent cook. Now, I think we should have the answer to today’s quiz question, Tim.

Tim
Yes, I asked what a police officer’s hat could be used for in the 19th century.

Neil
And I said as a weapon.

Tim
Wrong, I’m afraid. From 1829 to 1839, Metropolitan Police officers wore a cane-reinforced top hat, which could be used as a step to climb or see over walls. I wonder if modern police hats are strong enough to stand on?

Neil
We’ll try yours later and find out. But now let’s go over the other key words we learned today.

Tim
OK. If something ‘suits you’, it looks good on you. For example, “Does this pilot’s uniform suit me, Neil?”

Neil
It suits you down to the ground, Tim! And that means it suits you very well!

Tim
Number two – If something ‘stands out’, it’s noticeable or easy to see.

Neil
“My colourful suit really stood out at the party.”

Tim
In a good way, I hope! OK, next item – ‘to fit in’ – means you belong to a particular group and are accepted by them.

Neil
“I never fitted in with the cool kids at school.”

Neil
I’m sorry to hear that, Tim! Maybe you weren’t wearing the right uniform? Number four is ‘persona’ – the character you present to the outside world – as opposed to the person you feel like inside.

Tim
“My work persona is confident and chatty but I’m actually rather shy.”

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 43 - What to do when you can’t sleep

Neil
I’m learning a lot about you today, Tim!

Tim
They’re just examples, Neil. I don’t have a work persona – that’s the nice thing about our job – there’s no need to put on masks or personas.

Neil
Just the occasional hat…

Tim
Indeed. And a very nice hat this is too – I think I’ll keep it. Now, let’s finish the vocabulary! Number five – ‘liberating’ means feeling you can behave however you like.

Neil
For example, “Talking openly about your problems can be very liberating.”

Tim
And finally, ‘to try something on for size’ means to test something to decide whether you want it or not.

Neil
Our listeners can try these new vocabulary items on for size and decide whether they’ll be useful or not!

Tim
And if not, then please let us know by visiting our Twitter, Facebook and YouTube pages and telling us what you think!

Neil
Goodbye!

Tim
Bye!

برای شنیدن دیگر پادکست ها، به بخش پادکست در مرکز آموزش رایگان مراجعه نمایید.