در پادکست انگلیسی BBC – زباله ، درباره میزان تولید زباله صحبت میشه. انجمن‌ها و فعالین حوزه محیط زیست راهکارهایی برای کمتر شدن زباله تولیدی می‌گویند. اگر شما هم نسبت به آینده و طبیعت دغدغه مندید پیشنهاد میکنم سوای آموزش زبان به دید اصلاح در روند تولید زباله‌های منزل خود به این پادکست توجه کنید.

پادکست انگلیسی BBCپادکست انگلیسی VOAپادکست سطح‌بندی British Council

سوال پادکست انگلیسی BBC – زباله:

How much of the world’s food is wasted each year?

a)    a half

b)    a third

c)    a quarter

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فراموش نکن که هرچی بیشتر تمرین کنی در اون مهارت رشد میکنی! به قول انگلیسی ها: Practice makes perfect


واژگان کلیدی پادکست انگلیسی BBC - زباله

معنی به فارسیمعنی به انگلیسیواژه
هدرsomething you throw away or lose without using or consumingwaste
باقیمانده‌های غذا یا یک وعده غذایی که خورده نشده‌اندthe remains of food or a meal, which have not been eatenleftovers
مکانی که زباله‌ها ریخته یا دفن می‌شوندa place where rubbish is dropped or buriedlandfill
نام شهرتwell-known by ordinary people of a particular place or culturea household name
زیرساختthe basic systems and services of a societyinfrastructure
بیش از حد مورد نیازmore than neededabundance

BBC 6 minute English -How much food do you waste?

پادکست انگلیسی BBC - زباله

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حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - سال کبیسه (Leap year)

متن پادکست انگلیسی BBC - زباله

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English– the show that brings you an interesting topic, authentic listening practice and six new items of vocabulary. I'm Dan…

Neil
And I’m Neil. In this episode we’ll be discussing food waste, just as soon as….

Dan
Neil, did you just throw the rest of that apple away?

Neil
Yeah. It was quite a big one and I couldn’t finish it. 

Dan
Neil, you know you shouldn’t waste food.

Neil
Waste
 meaning to throw away without consuming or using.  Ah, it’s only an apple. It’s not the end of the world, Dan.

Dan
Well, that’s where you could be wrong, my friend. Let me prove it to you, with this week’s question. How much of the world’s food is wasted each year?

a) a half

b) a third

c) a quarter

Neil
I’m not sure. I know it’s a lot so I’m going to say a) a half

Dan
We’ll find out if you’re right or not at the end of this show. So, the actual figure is 1.3 billion tons of food, which is enough to feed a billion hungry people. Where do you think all this food waste comes from?

Neil
Well, restaurants, I imagine. I mean, they can’t give one customer’s leftovers to another! That would be unhygienic!

Dan
Leftovers are the remains of food which has not been eaten. And while you are right, restaurants are not the main contributor to food waste.

Neil
Supermarkets! I bet they throw out loads of food once it goes past its sell-by-date, or the date which it can be legally sold by.

Dan
Think closer to home.

Neil
It’s us, isn’t it?

Dan
Yes. In Europe an incredible 53% of food waste comes from households, which results in 88 million tonnes of food waste a year. And I bet you can’t guess what we do with it?

Neil
I want to say recycle, but I can see from your face, Dan, that it’s not.

Dan
No. Unfortunately it goes into landfills and decays.

Neil
landfill is a place where rubbish is buried. I see, so the food rots and this causes greenhouse gasses which lead to global warming and climate change.

Dan
Exactly, and the end of the world. But, remarkably the European country of Denmark has managed to reduce its food waste by a very significant 25%

Neil
That’s impressive, how did that happen?

Dan
They attribute it to a woman called Selina Juul.

Neil
I’ve heard about her. She became a household name in Denmark overnight!

Dan
A household name is one which everybody knows, and that’s right.

Neil
I thought she was Russian?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 244- The teenage brain

Dan
She is. But, I’ll let her explain.

INSERT
Selina Juul
I come from a country where there were food shortages, back then in Moscow, communism collapsed, we had the collapse of infrastructure, we were not sure we could get food on the table. And coming to Denmark, seeing this abundance, seeing these supermarkets filled with food. But then I was really shocked to see a lot of food getting wasted.

Neil
So Selina grew up in Moscow at a time when there wasn’t enough food because of the collapse of infrastructure, meaning the basic systems and services of a society – such as food transportation.

Dan
Then when she moved to Denmark, she found an abundance, or more than enough, food, but she saw it being wasted.

Neil
So she decided to do something about it?

Dan
Yes. She started a Facebook page in 2008 called ‘stop wasting food’ and 9 years later the Danish government credits her for their reduction in food waste. 

Neil
How did she do it?

Dan
Well, lots of ideas really. She convinced some supermarkets to stop selling their items in bulk so that people buy only what they need. She’s produced a leftovers cookbook and she’s working with three governments to set up an education programme in schools.

Neil
Wow, she’s a busy woman. So how about you educate me with the answer to this week’s question.

Dan
Sure! I asked you how much of the world’s food is wasted each year?

a) a half

b) a third

c) a quarter

Neil
And I said a) a half

Dan
And I’m terribly sorry, mate, but you’re wrong. The answer is b) a third.

Neil
Well, it’s not as bad as I thought it was, at least.

Dan
Shall we look at the vocabulary then?

Neil
Yes, let’s. First we had waste. If you waste something, you throw it away or lose it without using it or consuming it. Common things we waste are food, time, money and energy. We also have some expressions with waste too. Can you think of one, Dan?

Dan
waste of space is an expression which means a thing is completely without value. For example, I’m a complete waste of space in the kitchen. I can’t cook at all. Next we had leftovers. Leftovers are the remains of food or a meal, which have not been eaten. What do you tend to do with your leftovers, Neil?

Neil
Oh I love leftovers! Sometimes I think they taste even better than the original meal!

Dan
I agree! Pizza’s a great example!

Neil
Then we had landfill. A landfill is a place where rubbish is dropped and buried. In colloquial English we might say, a dump. Do you ever take your rubbish to the dump, Dan?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 200 - Heritage sites

Dan
Not if I can help it. I prefer to recycle as much as possible. I only go to the dump if I have to get rid of a large appliance, such as a fridge. Then we had a household name. To be a household name is to be well-known by ordinary people of a particular place or culture. Can you think of a person who is a household name at the moment, Neil?

Neil
Oh, that’s very easy. Donald Trump springs to mind! Everyone must know who he is. Then we had infrastructureInfrastructure is the basic systems and services of a society – such as electricity supply, trains, and roads.

Dan
And finally we had abundance. If you have an abundance of something, you have more than you need. Do have anything in abundance, Neil?

Neil
Well, when it comes to my children I have to have an abundance of patience….well, most of the time. And, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English. Please join us again soon!

Dan
And we are on social media too - Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube. See you there.

Both
Bye!

امیدوارم از پادکست انگلیسی BBC - زباله لذت برده باشید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه تو هم از اون آدمهایی هستی که از گوش دادن به پادکست لذت می بره برات یه خبر خوب دارم! آموزشگاه زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk یه دوره طراحی کرده مبتنی بر پادکست و داستان کوتاه به اسم "پادکستوری - Podcastory". این دوره سعی کرده یادگیری زبان انگلیسی رو مناسب با نیاز و سطح زبان آموز به یه فرایند بسیار مفرح، موثر، سریع و کم هزینه تبدیل کنه.

همین الان می تونی با کلیک روی عکس زیر و ثبت نام در دوره ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی با پادکست و داستان ۲۴talk اولین و مهم ترین قدم رو برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی برداری. وقت رو از دست نده!

دوره پادکستوری آکادمی مجازی ۲۴talk

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