زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۱۲ دقیقه

در پادکست انگلیسی BBC – تاثیر شهر بر رفتار ، درمورد تاثیر شهرها بر رفتار ما صحبت میشه. این یک صحنه آشنا است ، یک کالسکه شلوغ مترو با افرادی که فشار می آورند و می لرزند اما هرگز سلام نمی‌کنند و حتی با آنها ارتباط برقرار نمی کنند کاترین و نیل بحث می کنند که چرا شهرها باعث می شوند ما اینگونه رفتار کنیم.

ثبت نام و مشاوره رایگان
پادکست انگلیسی BBC پادکست انگلیسی VOA پادکست سطح‌بندی British Council

سوال پادکست انگلیسی BBC – تاثیر شهر بر رفتار :

What is the name of the new character that replaces Tony Stark as Iron Man? Is it…

a) Miles Morales?

b) Riri Williams?

c) Jane Foster? 

به پادکست خوب گوش کن تا جواب رو پیدا کنی.

اگر می خوای گوش دادن به پادکست تا حد امکان برات ساده و کارآمد باشه مراحل زیر را دنبال کن:

هر روز به پادکست گوش کن. وقتی براش یه وقت ثابت در روز در نظر بگیری برات تبدیل به عادت میشه و این عادت هرروز پیشرفت میکنه.

پادکستی رو پیدا کن که موضوعش برات جالب باشه. وقتی از خود موضوع لذت ببری یادگیری هم برات لذتبخش میشه.

به پادکستی گوش کن که transcript یا متن داره. این بهت کمک می کنه تا کلمات و عبارات جدید رو به سرعت در متن پیدا کنی و ساختار انواع مختلف جمله رو خوب یاد بگیری.

پس از گوش دادن به پادکست با متن، در مرحله بعدی سعی کن بدون نگاه کردن به متن این کار رو انجام بدی. این کار مهارت شنیداری رو تقویت می کنه و کمک می کنه تا انگلیسی زبانان بومی را راحت تر درک کنی، حتی اگر خیلی سریع صحبت کنن.

اگه به پادکست انگلیسی گوش کردی و نتونستی کامل متوجه اش بشی، ناامید نشو. پادکست هایESL -English as Second Language بیشماری وجود دارن که برای سطوح مختلف، از ابتدایی تا پیشرفته طراحی شدن. مطمئنا هر روز می تونین یه پادکست مناسب با سطح خودت پیدا کنی.

فراموش نکن که هرچی بیشتر تمرین کنی در اون مهارت رشد میکنی! به قول انگلیسی ها: Practice makes perfect


واژگان کلیدی پادکست انگلیسی BBC - تاثیر شهر بر رفتار

معنی به فارسیمعنی به انگلیسیواژه
هوشیاری بیش از حدbeing extremely watchful of what's going on around you hyper vigilance
نگاه به درونinward looking insular
نداشتن فضای کافی برای احساس راحتیnot having enough space to feel comfortable claustrophobic
دلپذیرsomebody who shows too much interest in other people's business nosey
نتیجه ای که می گیرید با تقسیم یک عدد به عدد دیگرthe result you get by dividing one number by another quotient
با پرخاشگری کار کنید تا درآمد کسب کنیدwork aggressively to make money hustle
گفتگوی بی اهمیتunimportant conversation chitchat

BBC 6 minute English -Why do cities make us rude?

پادکست انگلیسی BBC - تاثیر شهر بر رفتار

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حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - اصطلاحاتی برای پشیمانی

متن پادکست انگلیسی BBC - تاثیر شهر بر رفتار

Catherine
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Catherine…

Neil
And I'm Neil. Do you know, Catherine, someone actually talked to me on the underground this morning!

Catherine
No, really? 

Neil
Yeah.

Catherine
Wow! I should perhaps point out that talking to someone you don't know on the Tube is quite unusual behaviour in London! So, Neil, what did they say?

Neil
Well, they said what a lovely day it was, great to see the sun shining in London – something along those lines. But it was actually nice to chat instead of sitting there with a frown on my face, fiddling with my phone.

Catherine
Which is what you probably always do to pass the time on public transport, Neil.

Neil
Yes, it is - me and thousands of others. But it got me thinking… if it makes me feel better to talk to people on the way to work, why don't I – and other commuters in the city – do it more often?

Catherine
Well, that's a good question, Neil, and maybe we'll find some answers in the show, because today we're talking about why cities make us so rude.  And I have a question for you: when we have a positive interaction with somebody, our body releases a chemical. But what's the name of this chemical? Is it…
a) melatonin?
b) oxytocin?
Or c) thyroxin?

Neil
I don't know, but I'm going to say a) melatonin.

Catherine
Well, we'll see if you were right or not later on in the show. But did you know, Neil, that an organisation called 'Talk to me London' has created these 'Tubechat' badges that you can wear to show that you're happy to talk to a stranger. Maybe you should get one! 

Neil
Yeah, maybe I should. But the thing is, people in big cities are often scared to start a conversation with a stranger because, well, you don't know what might happen. 

Catherine
That's true. Now, let's listen to Dr Elle Boag, a social psychologist at Birmingham City University here in the UK. She agrees that people can view cities as threatening places. 

INSERT
Dr Elle Boag, social psychologist, Birmingham City University in the UK
When we step off the metro or onto a crowded city street our brain becomes hyper vigilant to the perception of threats around us – we're just one small person in a very large set of other people, in a large body of people. This then leads to behaviours that are insular and defensive. We're persistently looking for potential threats around us, and this then makes us not give eye contact, this will reduce the likelihood that anybody will say hello. It's a protective mechanism by which we can survive our journey to whence we're going, which makes us all sound really really rude to one other.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - سوپ خوردن با چنگال!

Catherine
Dr Elle Boag there. And hyper vigilance means being extremely watchful of what's going on around you. People can behave unpredictably, and like Dr Boag says, you're just one person in a crowd of others and you just don't know who might be dangerous.

Neil
Yeah, I see what you mean. And the fact we are constantly on the lookout for potential threats, well, it affects our behaviour.

Catherine
That's right. And as a protective mechanism we avoid speaking to or making eye contact with other people. So we become insular – which means inward looking. 

Neil
It sounds awful! But actually, I know people who moved to London in order to be anonymous – to blend in with the crowd – and not have to talk to people!

Catherine
Well, if you grow up in a small town, it can feel claustrophobic – which means not having enough space to feel comfortable. You know, you can't do anything without the whole community knowing about it. You may have nosey neighbours.

Neil
And a nosey person shows too much interest in other people's business. 

Catherine
Now, it's good to point out that people living in cities have stuff to do. And it's not necessarily rudeness that stops people from chatting – it's about efficiency – getting to work on time, getting things done. Let's hear from Thomas Farley, writer and broadcaster, and expert on manners, for more on this. 

INSERT
Thomas Farley, writer and broadcaster
The cost of living in cities is higher, the success quotient is higher, it's a place where you hustle to survive, and if you are not hustling, and I mean that literally and figuratively, you are not able to survive and thrive. So we often don't have much time for chitchat. I think we just all need to be mindful that it's not a deliberate disregard or somebody trying to be rude on purpose – it's simply that people have a destination to be.

Neil
So what does Thomas Farley mean by success quotient, Catherine?

Catherine
Success quotient means your ability to be successful in work, relative to the average person, and Thomas Farley is saying that in cities people have higher success quotients.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست British Council سطح C1 شماره 3

Neil
Cities are also competitive places so people have to hustle to survive. Do we hustle, Catherine?

Catherine
I don't think we hustle, Neil. Hustle means to work aggressively to make money. 

Neil
We do have plenty of time for chitchat, though. And chitchat, by the way, means unimportant conversation. That's what we do!

Catherine
What we do isn't chitchat, Neil! It's highly informative and instructional! Now, I think it must be time to hear the answer to today's quiz. Do you remember, I asked: when we have a positive interaction with someone, our body releases a chemical. What's the name of this chemical? Is it…

a) melatonin?
b) oxytocin?
Or c) thyroxin?

Neil
And it's a) melatonin – I'm absolutely sure.

Catherine
Sorry! The correct answer is b) oxytocin – a hormone commonly known as the 'love drug'. It reduces fear, increases trust between people, and evokes feelings of contentment.

Neil
Now, here are the words we learned today:
hyper vigilance
insular
claustrophobic
nosey
quotient
hustle
chitchat

Catherine
That's the end of today's 6 Minute English. Don't forget to join us again soon!

Both
Bye!

امیدوارم از پادکست انگلیسی BBC - تاثیر شهر بر رفتار لذت برده باشید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه تو هم از اون آدمهایی هستی که از گوش دادن به پادکست لذت می بره برات یه خبر خوب دارم! آموزشگاه زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk یه دوره طراحی کرده مبتنی بر پادکست و داستان کوتاه به اسم "پادکستوری - Podcastory". این دوره سعی کرده یادگیری زبان انگلیسی رو مناسب با نیاز و سطح زبان آموز به یه فرایند بسیار مفرح، موثر، سریع و کم هزینه تبدیل کنه.

همین الان می تونی با کلیک روی عکس زیر و ثبت نام در دوره ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی با پادکست و داستان ۲۴talk اولین و مهم ترین قدم رو برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی برداری. وقت رو از دست نده!

دوره پادکستوری آکادمی مجازی ۲۴talk

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