پادکست BBC شماره ۲۹۲ – How quickly can you learn English
پادکست BBC شماره ۲۹۲
سلام با دویست و نود و دومین سری از پادکستهای BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.
یادگیری زبان چقدر باید طول بکشه؟ خب جوایش به خیلی چیزها بستگی داره مثل میزان انگیزه و سن. اما آدم برای اینکه روند یادگیریش رو تسریع کنه همیشه وقت داره.
در این قسمت راب و فین درباره ی روش هایی برای سرعت بخشیدن به یادگیری زبان صحبت می کنن.
در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آنها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شدهاند:
expertise : high level of skill or knowledge
expertise : مهارت و دانش
a helping hand : assistance; help
a helping hand : کمک
fluent : (related to speaking) clear, accurate, wide-ranging and confident
fluent : روان
face-to-face : communication with another person directly, in the same place
face-to-face : رو در رو
pathway : set of actions to follow in order to reach a particular goal
pathway : دستورعمل و مسیر
resources : (here) things such as activities, information or videos that can be used to help someone study
resources : منابع
grasp : understand something so that you can use or do it properly
grasp : یاد گرفتن
native : (here) a person who was born in a particular country
native : بومی
motivation : enthusiasm and interest in doing something
motivation : انگیزه
immersed : busy spending a lot of your time doing one thing
immersed : غرق چیزی شدن
Transcript of the podcast
پادکست BBC 6 minute English – How quickly can you learn English
Hello I’m Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m joined today by Finn. Hi Finn.
Today we’re talking about something we have some expertise in or knowledge about. That’s teaching English.
That’s right Rob. We work on the BBC’s Learning English website – hopefully giving people around the world a helping hand in learning a language that isn’t the one they usually use.
Well hopefully we’re about to make that learning journey a bit easier as we launch a brand new online course. But how long does it take someone to become a fluent speaker of English?
A good question Rob and one we’ll try to answer today. We’ll also be discussing some general ways to make learning English easier and explaining some learning-related vocabulary along the way. So let’s get started Rob.
Hold your horses Finn – not so fast! I have a question to ask you first. According the last UK census taken in 2011, what percentage of the British population speaks a first language that is not English?
That’s an interesting one. My first guess is c) 14.7%.
We’ll find out if you are right or wrong later. So now we can discuss how learning English is getting easier. Of course there are a huge number of publications – books, leaflets and magazines – that can help teach you but there are those people who say that you can’t beat the real thing – a teacher. Someone who can explain a language to you face-to-face.
Yes but that comes at a cost and isn’t always practical – you might not have a school nearby. That’s why in the 21st Century, online seems to be the main method of learning. Technology is allowing the English language to come to you!
That’s true and that’s why we’ve launched a brand new English course that’s available on a computer, tablet or mobile phone. It’s aimed at intermediate learners and charts a pathway through the various aspects of the language.
We hope that by committing around 15 minutes a day to using it, a learner will see a real improvement in their English knowledge and skill. But as well as using the resources available online, how else can someone help themselves to get a better grasp – a better understanding – of English?
Well if someone wants to become a confident speaker of English, trainer Richard Hallows has some tips. Have a listen and see if you can hear what are the two main aspects of English that you need.
Richard Hallows – trainer in speaking English
Most importantly, you’ve got to have a a good range of vocabulary and grammar. You need to know lots of words, the more words you know the better, obviously. And similarly with grammar, the more grammar you have the better you can explain yourself. We also need to think about pronunciation – learners of English often worry about speaking like a native speaker… it’s not necessary to have a native accent.
OK, so Richard says you need a good range – or a wide variety – of vocabulary and grammar. The more words you know the more you can say – and the more grammar you know, the better you can say it…
Or even write it! One other tip is don’t try to sound like a native – so someone who speaks English as a first language. All these are things we aim to cover in our new course.
Our new course might be a big help to you if you need English for your work, or if you’re studying in English, or if you’re planning to visit or even live in the UK. The British government expects immigrants to reach ESOL Entry 3 or B1 level, before they can be granted citizenship. It’s equivalent to being able to hold a reasonably confident basic conversation.
Well in the UK it’s estimated that you need around 360 hours of study to get to that stage from not knowing any English at all. But this depends on a number of factors such as motivation – how much you want to learn.
And age can be a factor. Some experts say it’s common for children under the age of 11 to be very immersed and be fluent in English in about six months. But why should someone choose to learn English? This is something we’ve been asking you on our Facebook page.
Oussama says: “It’s like my passport. You need it wherever you go.”
Suzuki says: “It is an international communication tool.”
Ha thinks it’s: “The key to getting a good job with a high salary.”
And Denis says: “It’s the language that opens doors overseas.” Thanks for all of your messages.
But now Rob, I need to know if I got today’s question right.
Yes. I asked you, according the last UK census taken in 2011, what percentage of the British population speaks a first language that is not English?
I said 14.7%.
You were wrong. The census found 7.7% per cent of people in the UK have a first language that is not English. That’s 4.2 million people.
Well, that’s it for today. Don’t forget to check our new website at bbclearningenglish.com. Happy learning!