زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

سلام با هفتاد و پنجمین قسمت از مجموعه “Words and Their Stories” (کلمات و داستان آن ها) از سری پادکست‌های VOA در خدمت شما هستیم. این مجموعه پادکست به توضیح اصطلاحات رایج زبان انگلیسی، داستان ایجاد شدنشون و نحوه استفاده از آن ها در مکالمه می پردازه. در این قسمت از پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – زبان کتونی قراره با کاربرد، تاریخچه و معنی اصطلاح ‘If the shoe fits … wear it‘ (اگه کفش اندازه پاته بپوشش!) آشنا بشی. در کنارش چندین کلمه ی جالب و کاربردی مرتبط با کتونی (sneakers) یاد میگیری که لیست این کلمه ها به همراه معنی اون ها در پایان مطلب قرار گرفته.

اصطلاح ‘If the shoe fits … wear it‘ (اگه کفش اندازه پاته بپوشش!) یعنی اگه کسی راجع بهت چیز منفی گفت که درست بود حق نداری گله کنی و باید بپذیریش.

VOA – Words and Their Stories75: The Language of Sneakers

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - زبان کتونی
In this May 1, 2012, file photograph, Khan Simom, of Boston, glues cushions to unfinished shoes during the assembly process at the New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc. factory in Boston.

متن انگلیسی پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی – زبان کتونی:

Now, from VOA Learning English, this is Words and Their Stories.

American English, like all languages, has countless colorful words and expressions. We call some slang. It is not always easy to explain the history of slang expressions. Some seem to develop out of nowhere. Some do not last very long or become dated very quickly.

Other expressions, however, live on for years. We use them in our day-to-day lives, usually without knowing how they began. Today we look at one such word — and one you may be wearing right now — sneakers!

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - زبان کتونی
The word “Boston” is in the sole of this New Balance shoe on display at the storefront of the world headquarters of New Balance in Boston.

Sneakers are a type of comfortable shoe. We wear them for sports and when we have to walk a lot. Many children wear them to school. And some adults wear them to work, especially if they must walk to work or ride a bike.

Some say that the word “sneaker” is slang for a tennis shoe. Others say it comes from the old English verb “sneak,” meaning to move silently and with speed. If you sneak up on someone and you are wearing sneakers they probably will not hear you. Well, unless your sneakers squeak. We all know squeaky sneakers stop silent sneaking. (Say that five times fast!)

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For many people, sneakers are not just for comfort — they are also fashionable. These people choose the colors and styles very carefully to make a statement about their own personal style. And they may pay a lot of money for them!

So, sneakers can be more than a fashion statement. They can also be a sign of wealth. Some schools in the U.S. even have rules about what sneakers students can and cannot wear. This prevents students from wearing extremely costly sneakers and avoids “sneaker shaming.” This is when you make fun of someone because they are wearing less costly sneakers.

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - زبان کتونی
These 2011 NIKE MAG shoes are based on the original shoe worn by the “Back to the Future” character Marty McFly, played by Michael J. Fox. In 2011, they were on display at The Montalban Theatre in Hollywood, California.

To some people, sneakers are a form of art. In fact, there is a museum in the American city of Boston just for sneakers! The Sneaker Museum celebrates the history of the sneaker and their cultural importance as works of art.

But there are other words for these types of shoes. There are running shoes, cross-trainers and trainers. All of these fit under the same term: athletic shoes.

Sometimes we just call our sneakers by their brand names — our Chuck T’s, Nikes or Adidas.

پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - زبان کتونی
Here, a sculpture of the classic “Chuck Taylor” (Chuck T) sneakers are outside the world headquarters of Converse, Inc. in Boston (Dec. 29, 2016.)

If you have an old pair of shoes that you always wear you might call them your beaters.

Now, sneakers may not be your choice of shoe. But you must admit that they are comfortable to wear. Well, if they fit correctly, that is.

Maybe that is why we say, “If the shoe fits … wear it!”

Actually, no. That is not why we say this. We use this expression in a very strange way. Here is what it means.

If someone says something bad about you but it is true — you have to accept it. You cannot deny it!

For example, a friend of yours is always late for everything. One day, he shows up to your apartment (late, of course) and says, “Can you believe it!? My boss just fired me! She says I am always late!”

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You could simply answer, “Well, if the shoe fits…”

You do not even need to finish. Your friend will know exactly what you mean. He is always late and now must take responsibility. He must “wear the shoes” of a person who is always late, so to speak.

But do not be surprised if he leaves your apartment and never talks to you again. The expression “If the shoe fits, wear it” is somewhat rude. So, it is not exactly a nice thing to say, especially if someone has just lost their job!

Now, there is nothing stopping you from using this expression for good behavior…well, except for the fact that I personally have only ever heard it used for bad.

Put your sneakers on

Put your sneakers on,

We’re goin’ dancin’ all night long…

And that’s the end of this Words and Their Stories.

لیست واژگان این پادکست

comfortable (راحت) – adj. not causing any physically unpleasant feelings : producing physical comfort

squeak (جیر جیر کردن) – v. to make a short, high-pitched cry or noise​

fashionable (رو مد) – adj. following the current fashion or style

shame (کسی را با شرمگین کردن وادار به کاری کردن) – v. to force (someone) to act in a specified way by causing feelings of shame or guilt

athletic (ورزشی) – adj. of or relating to sports, games, or exercises

rude (بی ادب) – adj. not having or showing concern or respect for the rights and feelings of other people : not polite

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همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های سطح بندی شده British Council می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk یا برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.

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گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه دنبال این هستی که مهارت های مکالمه زبان انگلیسیت رو بیشتر از این تقویت کنی بهت پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk شرکت کنی که با یه برنامه منسجم و خلاقانه کمک میکنه در زمان کوتاه بتونی به راحتی و روانی انگلیسی صحبت کنی.