زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۲۵ دقیقه

IELTS Cue Card شماره ۳۰ :

یکی از سوال‌هایی که ممکنه در بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس (IELTS Speaking) پرسیده بشه توصیف گفتگو و مکالمه جالبیه که با کسی داشتی. سوالی که از شما پرسیده میشه اینه:

IELTS Cue Card: Describe an interesting conversation you had with someone

برای پاسخ به این سوال باید سه موضوع را در نظر داشته باشید:

چه زمانی بودWhen it was
با چه کسی گفتگو کردیWho you had it with
درباره چه موضوعی گفتگو کردیWhat you talked about

و توضیح دهید که چرا به نظر شما این مکالمه جالب بود.

در ادامه با انواع سوال هایی که در بخش سوم پرسیده میشود آشنا می شویم و بعد چند نمونه جواب را برای هر بخش و هر سوال بررسی میکنیم و لغات مهم و کاربردی استفاده شده در جواب را با هم مرور می کنیم.

مطالعه ی IELTS Cue Card شماره ۳۰ به شما کمک میکند تا خود را برای بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس آماده کنید و دایره ی لغات مورد نیاز برای این بخش را افزایش دهید.

سوالات بخش ۳

What do men like to talk about? How about women?

مردان درمورد چه چیزی دوست دارند صحبت کنند؟ زنان چطور؟

What is the difference between a face to face conversation and a phone call?

تفاوت مکالمه رو در رو و تماس تلفنی چیست؟

Why are some people nervous when making a presentation?

چرا بعضی از افراد هنگام ارائه دادن مضطرب می شوند؟

Is it appropriate to make jokes during a presentation?

آیا شوخی کردن در طول ارائه حرکت مناسبی است؟

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۲

I’d say I’m quite an introvert so I’m less than likely to strike up a conversation with a stranger. In fact I actively try to limit conversations with strangers by often wearing my headphones even if I’m not listening to music. However, there was one day when I decided to break my typical pattern and live life without my headphones.
I was staying in a backpacker hostel in London quite a number of years ago — I think it was in 2014. I’d picked this hostel because of its rave reviews. Most people were saying that they made friends easily with other travelers just by sitting at the bar, and this is exactly what I decided to do.
There was a guy from Florida who was working on a startup while traveling. He plonked himself down on the bar stool next to mine and ordered a beer. Without hesitating he struck up a conversation with me.
We chitchatted for hours, talking about everything and anything until the conversation turned to what I was doing. I was hopelessly undecided at that time, not knowing whether to stay or go to a different country.
He didn’t even bother to weigh the pros and cons with me, but asked me when I was going to check out. I remember it was on a Monday.
“Great!” he exclaimed, and asked me if I’d have ever been to Paris; I hadn’t. He said he was going and asked me if I wanted to join him. I did, and we went that following Monday.
It was because of this single conversation that I ended up uprooting my life and backpacking around Europe for a summer, which ultimately landed me in Eastern Europe, where I’ve created a new life. Neil and I parted ways in Amsterdam, and we’ve occasionally kept in touch ever since.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Introvert (noun – درونگرا)An introvert is a person who generally prefers being by themself and likes to do activities alone. They may avoid large groups of people. The opposite of an introvert is an extravert.

Example: Mary is introverted and would rather play Monopoly than go to a party.

Less than likely (idiom – احتمال خیلی کم)If something is less than likely, it means it probably will not happen. The opposite is more than likely.

Example: The weather is so bad it’s less than likely we’ll get there before tomorrow.

Strike up (phrasal verb – شروع کردن)It means to start something with someone else, such as a friendship, conversation, or a relationship.

Example: She will often strike up a conversation with complete strangers.

Rave review (noun – نقد مثبت)A rave review is when someone writes or talks about something really positively, such as a product, service, book, TV show, movie, etc. They’re really happy with whatever they’re reviewing.

Example: The movie received rave reviews.

Plonk (informal verb — British – ولو شدن)If you plonk yourself down on a couch, the floor, or a seat, you sit down quickly, carelessly, and heavily. You can also plonk something down, such as a cup or a glass, or any other object. It’s mostly used in Britain.

Example A: She came home from work with no energy, and just plonked herself down on the couch.

Example B: He plonked his bag on the table and made a cup of tea.

Chitchat (informal noun or informal verb – گپ/زدن)As a noun, it describes a conversation about things that aren’t very important, such as gossip, the weather, or anything else that doesn’t matter that much. A synonym would be small talk.
As a verb, it means to talk about things that aren’t very important.
It’s more commonly used as a verb.

Example A (Noun): She really doesn’t have time for chitchat.

Example B (Verb): I really love chitchatting with my friends.

Hopelessly undecided (adjective – به شدت دودل بودن)If someone is hopelessly undecided, they’re completely undecided and there isn’t much chance of a decision any time soon.

Example: He’s hopelessly undecided about what to study at university.

Pros and cons (phrase – مزایا و معایب)The pros and cons of something are its advantages (pros) and disadvantages (cons). You’ll usually think about the pros and cons when making a decision. It’s often used with the phrasal verb weigh up and people will weigh up the pros and cons of something.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   ۱۰ اصطلاح روزمره انگلیسی

Example A: They thought for hours about the pros and cons of starting their own business.

Example B: He weighed up the pros and cons of studying abroad.

End up (phrasal verb – سر از جایی در آوردن)If you end up somewhere, you go somewhere unexpected or unplanned. If you end up in a situation, it means something happened to you that you didn’t expect.

Example A: I ended up in Rome for one more night because the flight was cancelled.

Example B: I ended up choosing to study computer science.

Example C: The cake ended up in the trash because it was bad.

Example D: She didn’t want to end up like her father, so she moved to Paris.

Example E: The restaurant was too busy so we ended up going to a different one.

Part ways (idiom – جدا شدن راه)To part ways means to physically go in a different direction from someone else. It can also mean to end a relationship.

Example A: Bob and Mary were going to different cities. They said goodbye and parted ways.

Example B: My parents couldn’t stop arguing so they got divorced and parted ways.

Keep in touch (idiom – در تماس بودن)If you keep in touch with someone, it means you stay in contact with them.

Example: I keep in touch with my friends from my primary school.

پاسخ نمونه بخش ۳

What do men like to talk about? How about women?

مردان درمورد چه چیزی دوست دارند صحبت کنند؟ زنان چطور؟

It’s difficult not to paint with a broad brush and lump all men together, but generally men love to talk about a handful of things — their workplace, sports, and politics — just to name a few.
I think it’s fairly self-evident why they’d often talk about work, either with their spouse or their friends over a drink. Most men, and women too, spend an inordinate amount of their life at work and what we spend most time doing, we tend to spend most time talking about.
Sports are another hot topic for men. I’m not entirely sure why, perhaps it’s cultural, but second to talking shop, they’ll pick apart the latest game with a fine tooth comb. Usually the conversation remains friendly, but sometimes the debate can become quite heated.
As I also mentioned, politics can often come up in conversation. Politics can have the potential to have a real impact on someone’s everyday life and so following the latest political news is a must for most men, and indeed women too.
Personally my interests extend beyond these three categories, and I typically talk about the things that are of interest to my conversation partner.

I’d say that women do talk about a lot of the same things as men and there isn’t that much of a gap. My conversations with women are largely the same as they are with men, which I find really quite liberating.
Stereotypically, women are more prone to talking about fashion. Like sports, I believe this is somewhat cultural, especially as there is a lot of pressure on women to look their best.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Paint with a broad brush (idiom – خیلی کلی توصیف کردن)If you describe something, or a bunch of things in very general way without caring about specific details and without paying attention to individual variations, you’re painting with a broad brush.

Example A: Mary painted all her coworkers with a broad brush when she described them as being miserable and lazy, but some of them were hard working.

Lump together (phrasal verb – چیزهای مختلف را با هم در نظر گرفتن)If you’re treating several completely different groups as being one group, you’re lumping them together as one group. Usually you’ll think about, or deal with all these different groups in the same way. It’s usually not a good thing.

Example A: All the children are lumped together in one class, regardless of their ability.

Example B: People tend to lump turtles and tortoises together, despite the fact they are different creatures.

Self-evident (adjective – بدیهی)If something is self-evident, it’s something that’s extremely obvious and doesn’t need to be explained.

Example A: The teacher’s instructions were self-evident, so no students asked any questions about the assignment.

Example B: It’s self evident why you should eat enough food every day.

Hot topic (noun – بحث داغ روز)A hot topic is a subject that a lot of people are discussing and care about. It’s often something that a lot of people disagree about.

Example: Global warming is a hot topic these days.

Talk shop (idiom – درباره کار حرف زدن)If you’re not at work, but you’re talking to people you work with about your job, you’re talking shop. Usually other people who don’t do this kind of work will think it’s boring or inappropriate.

Example A: She was at the party with people from work, talking shop.

Example B: Even at the bar, the people from the sales department were talking shop.

Pick apart (phrasal verb – تجزیه و تحلیل کردن)If you try to find problems with something through excessive analysis or criticism, you’re picking something apart. Usually you’re finding small little things that are wrong.

Example: People on the internet picked apart the politician’s speech, and found dozens of things wrong with it.

With a fine tooth comb (idiom – با دقت انجام دادن)If you do something with a fine tooth comb, it means you do something really carefully so that you notice or find everything.

Example A: The police went through the house with a fine tooth comb.

Example B: We have gone through the evidence with a fine tooth comb.

Heated debate (adjective – بحث داغ)A heated debate, argument, or discussion is an argument in which people get angry and excited. It’s not usually a good thing.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   IELTS Cue Card شماره 29 : توصیف زمانی که چیزی گم کردی و بعد پیدا شد

Example: My friends were having a heated debate about which politician was going to be best for the country.

Come up (phrasal verb – مطرح شدن)If something is mentioned or talked about in conversation, you can say it came up in conversation. It can also mean something happened unexpectedly, usually a problem.

Example A: Did the subject of pollution come up at the meeting?

Example B: He had to cancel his appointment. Something must have come up.

Liberating (adjective – )If something is liberating, it makes you feel free and able to behave as you like.

Example: Moving to a new country can be a liberating experience because you can be who you want to be.

Stereotype (noun – کلیشه)A stereotype is an idea that people have about what something or someone is like. It’s usually wrong and usually prejudicial.

Example: It’s a common stereotype that all accountants are boring people. But this is wrong because some are really fun people!

Prone (adjective – در معرض بودن)If you’re prone to doing something, you’re likely to do something. It’s usually used to describe a negative thing.

Example: My boss is prone to being late to meetings.

What is the difference between a face to face conversation and a phone call?

تفاوت مکالمه رو در رو و تماس تلفنی چیست؟

I’d say there are plenty of differences and it’s hard to narrow them down to just a few.
Historically, it wasn’t possible to see the other person when making a phone call, but now with video calling and other such technologies, the differences between a phone call and a face to face conversation are shrinking.
I think one of the key differences is in the fact that you can talk to anybody, even on the other side of the world at a moment’s notice. If you wanted to speak to them in person you’d probably have to fly quite a number of hours to achieve what can be done in seconds with a phone. Not to mention the cost.
However, there’s something that’s lost when a conversation isn’t held in person. Their facial expressions, their body language, and even the richness of their voice is lost to some degree during a video call, and entirely during a traditional audio-only phone call.
I suppose as technology advances with virtual reality becoming a facet of our everyday lives, we’ll start to feel that a face to face conversation can be quite readily emulated, even if that person is on the other end of a phone.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Moment’s notice (idiom – بی درنگ)If you have to do something at a moment’s notice, you don’t have much time to start or do something. You’re usually not given much warning or advance notice that you have to do it.

Example: We can’t be expected to stop everything and leave at a moment’s notice.

Body language (noun – زبان بدن)Your body language is how you position or move your body. Your body language shows other people how you’re feeling, without using words.

Example: I could tell from her body language that she was very embarrassed.

To some degree (idiom – تا حدی)This idiom means partly or not completely.

Example A: To some degree, what he was saying was correct.

Example B: The plan worked, to some degree.

Facet (noun – جنبه)A facet is one part of a subject or situation that has many parts. It can be a synonym of part.

Example: We have only two days to read about every facet of this topic.

On the other end of a phone (idiom – آن طرف خط تلفن)This idiom refers to the person you’re speaking to on the phone.

Example: The lady on the other end of the phone was really rude.

Why are some people nervous when making a presentation?

چرا بعضی از افراد هنگام ارائه دادن مضطرب می شوند؟

I think there was a study done that found that most people are more afraid of public speaking than they are of dying!
Perhaps it’s the fear of being judged, or making a grave mistake in front of others. In reality, an audience is unlikely to notice minor foibles, but they’d likely notice something more severe, so there is some merit to most people’s fears.
Personally, I used to be terrified of getting up in front of others, especially if they were my classmates. It was routine in several of my classes to have to make presentations, and I loathed those so-called presentation days. I’d talk a mile a minute to get it over and done with as quickly as possible.
Over time though, I’ve overcome this fear. I took several extracurricular classes that taught me how to deliver a presentation flawlessly, and while I sometimes do still get stage fright when presenting, I’m able to readily steady my nerves and get on with presenting more professionally than before.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Grave mistake (adjective – اشتباه بزرگ)A grave mistake is a really serious mistake. Sometimes it can be serious enough to cause the loss of a lot of money or even the death of someone, but often it just means a very bad mistake.

Example: Everyone told her that quitting her job was a grave mistake, but she wouldn’t listen.

Foibles (noun – ایراد نه چندان مهم)A foible is a small fault or silly habit that isn’t important and isn’t causing harm to anyone.

Example: We all have our little foibles.

Loathe (verb – متنفر بودنIf you loathe something, you really hate it. You can also loathe people too.

Example: I loathe fish and chips.

Talk a mile a minute (idiom – خیلی سریع حرف زدن)If you’re talking a mile a minute, it means you’re talking really quickly.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   آیلتس کیوکارد IELTS Cue Card شماره 48 :توصیف یک معلم تاثیرگذار

Example: Mike was very excited, talking a mile a minute.

Get it over and done with (idiom – کاری را تمام کردن)If you get something over and done with, it means it’s completely finished and there’s nothing left to do.

Example:I couldn’t wait for this train journey to be over and done with so I could go to sleep.

Extracurricular (adjective – فوق برنامه)An extracurricular activity or class is a class or activity that isn’t part of the usual school or college course.

Example: I’ve decided to take an extracurricular swimming class every Thursday after school.

Stage fright (noun – ترس از روی صحنه رفتن)If you have stage fright, you feel nervous because you’re about to perform or talk to a large group of people. Traditionally, actors and performers often get stage fright.

Example: Several students said they had stage fright when they were giving their presentations.

Steady your nerves (idiom – خود را آرام کردن)If you steady your nerves, you make yourself feel calmer or more relaxed. Usually it’s because you’re stressed or worried about something.

Example: After the accident, he went for a walk to steady his nerves.

Is it appropriate to make jokes during a presentation?

آیا شوخی کردن در طول ارائه حرکت مناسبی است؟

I think like most things in life, it depends. You have to be able to read your audience and figure out how receptive they’ll be to humor, but often a well placed joke here and there can serve as a good icebreaker.
There are obviously some situations where it’s wildly inappropriate to crack a joke or two, for example if the presentation is delivering some form of bad news. In any other situation I wouldn’t be worried about using humor as a tool. But like salt, a little goes a long way, and I’d not want a presentation to look like an open mic night at a standup comedy club.

لغات و اصطلاحات پاسخ نمونه

Figure out (phrasal verb – فهمیدن)If you figure something out, it means you understand something. It can also mean you solve a problem.

Example: He figured out why the washing machine was making that loud noise.

Here and there (idiom – اینجا و آنجا)This idiom means something that’s in different places or from time to time.

Example A: The sky is clear and blue with a few clouds here and there.

Example B: She spoke so quietly I was only able to hear what she was saying here and there.

Icebreaker (noun – چیزی که یخ موقعیت را بشکند)An icebreaker is something that makes people who don’t know each other feel relaxed and more comfortable with each other. Usually it’s something done or said to get through the first difficulties of starting a conversation or discussion. It could be something like a story, game, joke, or question.

Example: I got everyone to go up to the map and point out where they were from. It was a good ice breaker to get people talking.

Crack a joke (idiom – جوک تعریف کردن)To crack a joke just means to tell a joke.

Example: I cracked a few jokes to cheer everyone up.

A little goes a long way (idiom – کم کافیه)This idiom is used to say that a small amount will be enough.

Example: Don’t use too much hot pepper. A little goes a long way.

Open mic night (noun – رویدادی که هرکسی می تواند در آن اجرا کند)A open mic (microphone) night is an event that anyone can perform at. It’s usually at a standup comedy club, where amateur comedians can tell some jokes to an audience, but it can be for any kind of performance. They usually don’t have to audition first, so it’s open to everyone.

Example: The bar holds an open mic night every Wednesday, so she’s going to perform her comedy routine and play her guitar in front of everyone.

اگر مطالب IELTS Cue Card شماره ۳۰ برایتان مفید بود و هنوز درمورد بخش اسپیکینگ آیلتس یا سایر بخش های این آزمون سوال یا نیاز به تمرین بیشتر داشتید، پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی آیلتس آکادمی آنلاین ۲۴talk شرکت کنید تا با بهره مندی از کمک های اساتید باتجربه ی آیلتس، نمره ی ایده آل خود را از این آزمون سرنوشت ساز بدست آورید.

اگر هم قصدتان توانایی مکالمه به زبان انگلیسی است به شما شرکت در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آیلتس آکادمی آنلاین ۲۴talk را پیشنهاد میکنیم که با تمرکز بر روی تقویت مهارت مکالمه، دوره‌های خصوصی و نیمه خصوصی در سطوح مختلف برای شما زبان آموزان عزیز ارائه می کند.

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