زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۸ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۲۹۹

سلام با دویست و نود و نهمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این برنامه با شرکت هایی آشنا میشی که بخش مدیریت خود را حذف کردن و میگن این کار باعث شده کارمندا کارایی شون بالا تر بره خوشحال تر بشن و در بودجه هم کلی صرفه جویی شده. خب حالا اگه مدیر نباشه چه مشکلی ممکنه پیش بیاد؟ نیل و جورجینا درباره ی این موضوع حرف می زن و چندتا کلمه جدید هم یاد میدن.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

hierarchy : system of organising people according to their level of importance

hierarchy : سلسله مراتب

coercion : the use of force to persuade someone to do something they do not want to do 

coercion : اجبار

commitment : a promise or firm decision to do something 

commitment : تعهد

left behind : remain at a lower level than others because you are not as quick to improve, develop or progress

left behind : جا مانده عقب مانده

take full advantage (of) : make good use of an opportunity to progress or achieve a goal

take full advantage (of) : نهایت استفاده را کردن

be held accountable : accept responsibility for the consequences of your actions

be held accountable : مسئول بودن

Transcript of the podcast

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پادکست BBC 6 minute English – No more bosses

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Neil.

Georgina
And I’m Georgina. 

Neil
After working together at BBC Learning English for many years, Georgina, you and I have a good working relationship, don’t we? 

Georgina
Sure, I think we make a great team! 

Neil
But have you ever had a boss who you just couldn’t work with? 

Georgina
Oh, you mean a bad boss – someone you just can’t get on with no matter how hard you try. Yes, I’ve had one or two over the years – not you of course, Neil! 

Neil
I’m glad to hear it, Georgina!  Often this happens because workers feel they aren’t listened to by managers. Or it might be because most companies are hierarchies – systems of organising people according to their level of importance. 

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Georgina
Managers on top, workers down below. 

Neil
But in this programme, we hear from companies who’ve got rid of managers and say it has helped them do a better job, made them happier and saved money. 

Georgina
We’ll meet a self-managing company which isn’t hierarchical and has no boss. And of course we’ll be learning some new vocabulary along the way. 

Neil
But first, today’s quiz question. One of the biggest problems in hierarchies is the excess cost of management and bureaucracy. But how much is that estimated to cost the US economy every year? Is it:
a) 3 million dollars?,
b) 3 billion dollars?,  or
c) 3 trillion dollars? 

Georgina
I’ll say c) 3 trillion dollars – that’s one followed by twelve zeros – a lot of money! 

Neil
OK, Georgina, we’ll find out later if you’re right. Now, one of the first companies to experiment successfully with self-management was Californian tomato grower Morning Star. Here’s one of their employees, Doug Kirkpatrick, talking to Dina Newman for the BBC World Service programme, People Fixing the World

Doug Kirkpatrick
The first principle was that human beings should not use force or coercion against other human beings. And the second principle was that people should keep the commitments they make to each other and so we adopted them as pretty much the entire governance of the enterprise. 

Georgina
Because Morning Star has no bosses, decisions are made by all employees equally without coercion – the use of force to persuade someone to do something they do not want to do. 

Neil
As self-managers, employees can’t tell other employees what to do. Everything is based on requesting someone to act and them responding. 

Georgina
This motivates and empowers workers but also means they must keep their commitments – promises or firm decisions to do something when requested. 

Neil
This way of working is great for some – they feel listened to and have a voice in how the company is run.

Georgina
But Dina questions whether this is true for everybody working at Morning Star

Dina Newman
Would it be true to say that a self-managed company like yours empowers people who are already very good and it leaves behind those who are not so good? 

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Doug Kirkpatrick
I’m not sure I accept the phrase ‘left behind’. There are some people who take full advantage of this environment; others take less advantage but they do benefit because their voice is respected, when they do propose something it must be listened to, they are not subject to force and coercion and if they don’t act according to their commitments they can be held accountable by anyone.

Neil
Having no bosses sounds great, but the extra responsibility can create more work and stress. Different workers respond to this in different ways and some employees may be left behind – remain at a lower level than others because they are not as quick to develop. 

Georgina
However other workers enjoy managing themselves and take full advantage of the system – make good use of the opportunity to improve and achieve their goals. 

Neil
No matter whether employees are good self-managers or not, ultimately they are held accountable for their work performance – asked to accept responsibility for the consequences of their actions. 

Georgina
So, although having no boss sounds good, if things go wrong, there’s no-one to blame but yourself! 

Neil
So maybe we do need those managers after all – which reminds me of our quiz question. 

Georgina
You asked me to estimate how much the US economy loses in excess bureaucracy and managerial costs every year. 

Neil
And you said? 

Georgina
c) 3 trillion dollars. 

Neil
Which was absolutely right! Well done! 

Georgina
And the cost keeps rising because, of course, the more managers there are, the more managers you need to manage the managers! 

Neil
Today we’ve been looking at the world of self-management – companies run without bosses, which, unlike most businesses, are not based on a hierarchy – system of organising people according to their level of importance. 

Georgina
Instead companies like San Francisco’s Morning Star allow employees to make their own commitments – promises to act, rather than using coercion – or forceful persuasion – to get results. 

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Neil
Many employees react positively to this working environment and take full advantage of it – make good use of the opportunity to progress or achieve their goals. 

Georgina
However, there is a risk that others who are more comfortable being managed may get left behind – remain at a lower level than others because they are not as quick to improve and adapt.

Neil
But whatever their job role or feelings about self-management, all workers are held accountable – asked to accept responsibility for their performance at work. 

Georgina
Meaning they take can the credit for when things go well… 

Neil
…but have nobody to hide behind when things go badly! 

Georgina
That’s all from us today, but remember to join us again soon for more topical discussion and related vocabulary here at 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. 

Neil
Bye for now. 

Georgina
Bye.

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