پادکست BBC شماره ۲۴۱- Are beards back to stay
پادکست BBC شماره ۲۴۱
سلام با دویست و چهل و یکمین سری از پادکستهای BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.
در این قسمت درباره مدل ریش مردان صحبت میشه. به نظرتون ریش بلند جذابه یا بدون ریش؟ در گذشته شاید ریش بلند از جذابیت کمتری برخوردار بود و همیشه مردان در رقابت این بودند که ریش خودشون رو کوتاه کنند و صورتشون بدون ریش باشه. اما الان ریش پرپشت جزء مدهای روز شده و از جذابیت بالایی در بین مردم برخوردار شده. در این پادکست درباره فمنیست و تلاش زنان برای برابری طلبی با مردان هم صحبت میشه .
در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آنها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شدهاند:
all the rage: very fashionable
all the rage: مد روز
get on a bandwagon: join other people in doing something that has become popular – perhaps because you hope to become popular yourself
get on a bandwagon: پیوستن به آدمهایی که یه کاری انجام میدن که مشهور بشن
talking point: subject that a lot of people are discussing
talking point: موضوع روز/ موضوعی که مردم زیادی روش بحث می کنند
competitive advantage: when a condition or circumstance puts you in a favourable position
competitive advantage: وقتی شرایط تو رو در یک موقعیت مطلوب قرار میده
clean shaven: having no facial hair
clean shaven: صورت بدون مو
peaked: reached its highest point – and will decline from this point
peaked: به اوج رسیده
sport: گذاشتن ریش
flamboyant: eye catching and different
flamboyant: جلب توجه کننده
feminism: women’s struggle to achieve the same rights as men
feminism: فمنیست / تلاش زنان برای به دست آوردن حقوق مشترک با مردان
women’s lib: women’s liberation movement (similar to feminism)
women’s lib: حرکت برابری طلبی زنان / فمنیست
testosterone: the main male hormone
testosterone: هورمون مردانه / تستسترون
melanoma: a serious type of skin cancer
melanoma: یک نوع از سرطان پوست
on board from the get go: involvement with something right from the start
on board from the get go: مشارکت در حق چیزی از ابتدا
Transcript of the podcast
پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Are beards back to stay
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob…
… and I’m Neil. Hello.
Hi there, Neil! Now, Neil… what’s that on your face?
What… this? It’s a beard, Rob. Have you never seen one before?
I have. But I’ve never seen one on you before… and I’m surprised to say, it looks good on you!
Well, thank you! I thought I’d get on the beard bandwagon, you know. Beards are all the rage at the moment – that means ‘very fashionable’.
And to get on a bandwagon is when you join other people in doing something that has become popular – perhaps because you hope to become popular yourself!
Well, that doesn’t apply to me, Rob, because, as you know, I’m very popular already.
Yes. Yes, I know that, of course… Anyway, beards are such a talking point – a subject that a lot of people are discussing – that we decided to talk about them on today’s programme! So are you ready for today’s question, Neil? What’s the name for someone who loves beards? Is it…
or c) pelophile?
Hmm. All the answers sound tempting. But I’m going to go for a) barbophile.
Right. OK, well we’ll find out if you’re right or wrong later on. But this is interesting: a new scientific study suggests that the more beards there are in a population, the less attractive they become – and this currently gives clean-shaven men a competitive advantage.
Oh, no! That’s bad news for me, then! Competitive advantage means when a condition or circumstance puts you in a favourable position – in this case, being clean-shaven or having no facial hair.
That’s right. We’ve reached ‘peak beard’ apparently. Beard popularity has peaked – or reached its highest point – and will decline in popularity from this point.
OK. Let’s listen to writer, Lucinda Hawksley, talking about beards through history. And listen out for a word that means women’s struggle to achieve the same rights and opportunities as men.
Lucinda Hawksley, writer of Moustaches, Whiskers and Beards
It’s interesting, while I was writing the book I came to realize that the most heavily bearded times in Britain are either when women are in power, such as Elizabeth I or Queen Victoria, or when there’s a big discussion of feminism – and it is really interesting that in the last few years there’s been so much more discussion of feminism. You get a woman on the throne and men go, ‘Oh, got to have a beard.’ It’s really strange. Or in the 60s or 70s with all the kind of, you know, big thing about women’s lib, suddenly the beard becomes huge here.
Well, needless to say Lucinda doesn’t have a beard, but she certainly knows a lot about them. She’s the great great granddaughter of famous writer Charles Dickens, who sported – or wore – a very flamboyant beard. Flamboyant means eye-catching and different.
Now, did you spot the word for women’s struggle to achieve the same rights as men?
Yes. It’s feminism. She also talks about women’s lib, which is short for women’s liberation. And this has a similar meaning to feminism. So, what do you think, Neil? Are beards a show of testosterone in reaction to powerful women? Is that why you’ve grown your beard?
I don’t think it’s testosterone – that’s the main male hormone. For me, it’s laziness. I’m flying the flag for men’s lib – liberation from the razor.
Right. Well, I’m not sure whether that’s a worthy cause or not, Neil. Let’s hear from Brock Elbank, the photographer behind the exhibition ‘Beard’. He’s talking about one of the people he photographed.
Brock Elbank, photographer
I found Jimmy on a friend’s Facebook page whilst I was in Sydney. Invited him to come to my home studio for a portrait and I posted it and it got reblogged over half a million times in four hours. I mean I think when Jimmy and I… when I met Jimmy he told me about his ‘beard season’ melanoma charity and I was kind of on board from the get go.
So Jimmy must have a pretty awesome beard!
Indeed. We should check out the Beard exhibition and find out. But Jimmy has a beard for a special reason, right Neil?
That’s right. Yes. Brock mentions Jimmy’s melanoma charity. Melanoma is a serious type of skin cancer and Jimmy is raising money and awareness to help people who suffer from it.
And Brock says he was on board from the get go – meaning he wanted to be involved with the charity right from the start.
We should also mention ‘Movember’ and ‘Decembeard’ – both campaigns invite men to get hairy for good causes.
That’s right, good causes – moustaches in November and beards in December. Now, let’s have the answer to the quiz question. I asked: what’s the name for someone who loves beards. Was it: a) barbophile b) pogonopile or c) pelophile?
And I said a) barbophile.
Wrong, I’m afraid. The answer is actually b) pogonophile.
Oh, well, you can’t win them all. Now then, Rob, can we hear today’s words again?
Sure. We heard:
all the rage
get on a bandwagon
on board from the get go
Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. We hope it wasn’t too hair-raising for you. Please join us again soon.