زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۸ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۲۴۰

سلام با دویست و چهلمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره انواع ورودی های ساختمان صحبت میشه. چرا در بعضی از ساختمان ها ورودی های مختلف برای ساکنان فقیر یا پولدار طراحی میشه و دلیل وجود ورودی خصوصی یا اجتماعی چیست؟ در این پادکست همچنین درباره خانه های مشترک صحبت میشه که افراد چگونه در آن زندگی می کنند. در حین گوش دادن به پادکست، با کلمات و اصطلاحات مربوط به خانه هم آشنا میشید.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

bijoux: small but attractive

bijoux: کوچک ولی جذاب

bump into: meet somebody by chance

bump into: به طور اتفاقی کسی را دیدن

communal area: area that is shared by a number of people

communal area: فضای مشترک

plush: expensive and luxurious

plush: گران و مجلل

foyer: entrance hall

foyer: سالن ورودی

alleyway: narrow passage between buildings

alleyway: کوچه

swanky: something fashionable and expensive that is designed to impress people

swanky: شیک و گران

tinted: coloured glass

tinted: شیشه رنگ شده

segregation: separation and different treatment of people

segregation: تبعیض نژادی

to put up with something: to accept something that is annoying without complaining about it

to put up with something: قبول کردن چیز آزاردهنده بدون غرولند کردن درباره آن

service charge: amount of money you pay to the owner of an apartment building for things like putting out the rubbish

service charge: شارژ خدماتی ساختمان

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 214 - Women's right to vote

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Is a door just a door

Rob
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob…

Neil
…and I’m Neil. Hello.

Rob                                        
Hello, Neil! You look pleased today, Neil.

Neil
I am pleased. I just moved into my new flat!    

Rob
OK, fantastic! Congratulations! Where is this new flat?

Neil
It’s in the city. It’s a one-bed flat so it’s bijoux – meaning small but attractive. There’s a balcony, I’ve got a couple of deckchairs, and a barbecue…

Rob
I can’t wait to see it. It sounds perfect. Well, today we’re discussing housing – and why in some buildings there are separate entrances for rich and poor residents! So, are you ready for today’s quiz question, Neil?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 167 - Do you need to upgrade your phone

Neil
I’m all ears.

Rob
OK, so you mean you’re listening carefully.

Neil
I am.

Rob
Right. What does ‘social housing’ mean? Is it housing for people who…

a) want to buy or rent at a low price?

b) want to live together sharing facilities?

or c) aren’t able to pay any rent at all?

Neil
OK, I think the answer is a) to buy or rent at a low price.

Rob
OK. Well, we’ll see if you were right or wrong later on in the programme. So, have you met your neighbours yet, Neil?

Neil
Yes – I bumped into one couple as I was leaving for work this morning.

Rob
I see. Bump into means to meet somebody by chance. So were they friendly?

Neil
Well, they complained about me blocking the communal area with my bike – also about my guitar playing. But apart from that, they seemed nice!

Rob
communal area is an area that is shared by a number of people. Well, I hate to say it, Neil, but your guitar playing is annoying!

Neil
Oh, Rob, genius isn’t appreciated here, I think. OK… Let’s listen to the journalist Tom Bateman talking about rich and poor doors.

Tom Bateman, journalist
In front of us here is a 20-storey building. Right about me I got tinted blue glass windows and balconies on every floor as you look from the street. And there is a very plush foyer. A sign in the window says ‘luxurious penthouses with spectacular views.’

Neil
But this is what the journalist Tom Bateman saw when he went around the other side of the same building.

Tom Bateman, journalist
So as you come down the side of the building, you can see the windows – quite small windows – of the flats above here – certainly no balconies. This is a big grey concrete wall and as you walk down an alleyway towards the other door.

Rob
So this building has one entrance with a plush – or expensive and luxurious – foyer. And foyer means entrance hall. Then there’s another entrance down an alleyway – or narrow passage between buildings.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   کارگاه بحث آزاد(Free discussion)

Neil
This entrance leads to flats with small windows and no balconies. Why’s that, Rob?

Rob
That’s because the alleyway entrance is the so-called ‘poor door’. There’ no swanky foyer or tinted glass windows for these residents because they pay less rent than the people living in the apartments at the front.

Neil
Swanky means something fashionable and expensive that is designed to impress people. And tinted glass is coloured glass – so people can’t look through your windows.

Rob
That sounds useful! Do you have tinted glass windows, Neil?

Neil
No, I don’t. Tinted sunglasses are all that I can afford. So what do people think about having a rich door and a poor door for the same building, Rob?

Rob
Well, some people think it’s terrible. They say it’s segregation – or separation and different treatment of people – and I can’t believe the poor-door people put up with it really!

Neil
To put up with something means to accept something that is annoying without complaining about it. The thing is, though, the poor-door people don’t pay nearly as much rent. And they don’t have to pay the same service charges that the rich-door people pay.

Rob
service charge is an amount of money you pay to the owner of an apartment building for things like putting out the rubbish. Well, let’s listen to an experience of a poor-door resident.

Abdul Mohammed, resident of One Commercial St, City of London
We can’t use the lift… because it’s for the rich people. So whenever the doors open, I use it. So they try and tell me off for using it. I say, ‘here, come, take me to court – I don’t mind’.

Neil
So what has Abdul been doing that the rich-door residents don’t like, Rob?

Rob
Well, he’s been using their lift because it’s near his apartment door.

Neil
And what does Abdul mean when he says, ‘come, take me to court’?

Rob
He’s inviting the rich-door residents to take legal action against him, but Abdul doesn’t really think he’s doing anything wrong.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 291 -The bitter taste of sugar

Neil
OK, it’s time to hear the answer to today’s quiz question.

Rob
Yes. What does ‘social housing’ mean? Is it flats or houses for people… a) who want to buy or rent at a low price? b) who want to live together sharing facilities? or c) who aren’t able to pay any rent at all?

Neil
And I said a) to buy or rent at a low price.

Rob
And you were right! So well done for that, Neil. Now, shall we listen to the words we’ve learned on today’s programme?

Neil
Good idea. We heard:
bijoux
bump into
communal area
plush
foyer
alleyway
swanky
tinted
segregation
to put up with something
service charge

Rob
Thank you. Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. I hope you felt at home with us on today’s show! Please join us again soon.

Both
Bye.

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