پادکست BBC شماره ۲۹۳ – Food waste
پادکست BBC شماره ۲۹۳
سلام با دویست و نود و سومین سری از پادکستهای BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.
بسیاری از مردم دنیا غذایی را که هنوز برای خوردن مناسبه دور میندازن. همین غذای دور ریخته شده میتونست میلیون ها نفر رو سیر کنه.
در این قسمت از پادکست راب و فین درباره ی اینکه چرا ما وسوسه میشیم بیش از نیازمون غذا بخریم حرف می زنن و همینطور چه تلاشهایی داره میشه تا میزان غذای دور ریخته شده رو کمتر کنن.
در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آنها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شدهاند:
stock up on : buy a large quantity of
stock up on : مقدار زیادی خریدن
consume : (here) to eat
consume : خوردن و مصرف کردن
landfill sites : large holes in the ground where people’s waste or rubbish is buried
leftovers : food that is not eaten
leftovers : باقی مانده
convenience : ease of doing something
convenience : راحتی
edible : safe or good enough to eat
edible : قابل خوردن
discarded : thrown away
discarded : دور ریخته شده
gone off : no longer fresh
gone off : کهنه و بیات شده
BOGOF : (acronym) buy one, get one free
BOGOF : مخفف یکی بخر دوتا ببر
distribute : to give something out to several people
distribute : توزیع کردن
Transcript of the podcast
پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Food waste
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob…
… and I’m Finn. Hello.
Hello, Finn. Now, you like food don’t you?
Yes, I do.
But how much of it do you actually throw away?
Probably too much although I’m trying to get better at that, Rob.
I’m asking you this because many people around the world throw away food that’s still good enough to eat – this food waste could feed millions of other people. That’s what we’re talking about today as well as looking at some related vocabulary.
Yes, food waste is a big problem. We stock up on food that we don’t really need, and we’re often tempted by supermarkets to consume – or to eat – more.
Before we talk more about this, let’s find out what you know about food waste. So, do you know, according to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, what percentage of food is actually wasted?
50%, I seem to remember that. I might be wrong.
We’ll find out if you’re right or wrong later on. But now, here’s another figure for you: In Europe, people throw away 100 million tonnes of food every year.
Wow, such a waste. Most of this food just ends up rotting in landfill sites and that adds to another problem – it creates greenhouse gases.
It does. But the problem isn’t just us throwing away leftovers in the fridge or cupboard, as we can hear now from BBC reporter Caroline Hepker. What are the other reasons that lead to food being wasted?
Caroline Hepker, BBC Reporter
Typically, supermarkets demand that onions are about two to two-and-a-quarter inches in diameter. This one will get pretty close to it but this one is too small, although it is perfectly edible. The question is, what happens to it then? Food waste is a huge issue in America – ۴۰% of all food goes uneaten and it’s a problem that starts long before you get to the dining-room table.
Another staggering figure there Rob – ۴۰% of all food in America goes uneaten – it doesn’t get eaten. And she explained that supermarkets are partly to blame.
Yes. We all love the convenience, the price and the choice of food that supermarkets offer – but a lot of food is binned – thrown out – long before it reaches the shelves.
The reporter gave the example of onions: if they’re the wrong size, they can’t be sold; they’re thrown away even though they’re good enough to eat – or edible.
There are many other types of fruit and vegetables that are discarded – or thrown away – because of their shape and size. And that’s our fault really, because we often think food that looks good is better quality.
Another issue is the ‘sell by’ and ‘use by’ dates printed on food packaging. They confuse customers. Anything older than the ‘sell by’ date makes us think it’s old and the food has gone off, but in fact this is just the date the supermarket wants to sell it by.
And there is another reason why some of us are encouraged to buy too much food. Have a listen to working mum, Tara Sherbrooke, about her shopping habits and see if you can hear what the problem is.
Also, see if you can hear what she does to try and minimise food waste.
I try very hard to meal-plan because as a working mum and having a busy family, I really try to make sure that there’s enough food at the beginning of the week. I find it very difficult to walk pass two-for-one offers especially on things that we use. I even find it hard to walk past them when they’re items I’ve never purchased before – I stop and look!
So she is a busy working mum and she tries to meal-plan – she plans the family’s meals for the week and works out what to buy.
But she still gets tempted by the two-for-one offers. That’s when you buy one item and you get another one of the same item for free.
Buy-one-get-one-free – or as it’s sometimes known, BOGOF! You can get a bargain but it also means we sometimes buy too much of something. If it’s fresh produce, it might go off before you get to use it all.
But in other parts of the world people struggle to buy even the most basic food. A report by the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organisation found that there is enough food for everyone, just a lot of inefficiency. So what can be done?
Well, things are being done. Apps and websites that distribute excess food are becoming more popular.
And food banks are being set up too. These are charitable organisations people donate food to. It’s then distributed to those who have difficulty buying their own food. And one trial project in New York requires the city’s restaurants to stop sending food waste to landfills by 2015. But at the moment, globally, there’s still a lot of food being thrown away. And Finn, I asked you how much? Is it 25%, 33% or 50% of all food produced?
I said half – ۵۰%.
According to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, the answer is 33%. Still not good. It also found the amount of land needed to grow all the food wasted in the world each year would be the size of Mexico. Well, that brings us to the end of today’s 6 Minute English. We hope you enjoyed today’s programme. Please join us again soon.