زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۱۲ دقیقه

کارزار Dry January در انگلیس مردم رو تشویق میکنه که از مصرف الکل خودداری کنند و در عوض به فکر سلامتی شون باشند. در پادکست انگلیسی BBC – مضرات الکل می شنویم که سم Sam و راب Rob درباره ی مضرات الکل برای سلامتی صحبت می کنند و در این مسیر لغات جالب و کاربردی جدیدی هم آموزش میدن.

پادکست انگلیسی BBCپادکست انگلیسی VOAپادکست سطح‌بندی British Council

سوال پادکست انگلیسی BBC – مضرات الکل :

According to historians, which people were thought to be the first group to make New Year’s resolutions? Was it the…

a) Romans

b) Native Americans 

c) Babylonians

به پادکست خوب گوش کن تا جواب رو پیدا کنی.

اگر می خوای گوش دادن به پادکست تا حد امکان برات ساده و کارآمد باشه مراحل زیر را دنبال کن:

هر روز به پادکست گوش کن. وقتی براش یه وقت ثابت در روز در نظر بگیری برات تبدیل به عادت میشه و این عادت هرروز پیشرفت میکنه.

پادکستی رو پیدا کن که موضوعش برات جالب باشه. وقتی از خود موضوع لذت ببری یادگیری هم برات لذتبخش میشه.

به پادکستی گوش کن که transcript یا متن داره. این بهت کمک می کنه تا کلمات و عبارات جدید رو به سرعت در متن پیدا کنی و ساختار انواع مختلف جمله رو خوب یاد بگیری.

پس از گوش دادن به پادکست با متن، در مرحله بعدی سعی کن بدون نگاه کردن به متن این کار رو انجام بدی. این کار مهارت شنیداری رو تقویت می کنه و کمک می کنه تا انگلیسی زبانان بومی را راحت تر درک کنی، حتی اگر خیلی سریع صحبت کنن.

اگه به پادکست انگلیسی گوش کردی و نتونستی کامل متوجه اش بشی، ناامید نشو. پادکست هایESL -English as Second Language بیشماری وجود دارن که برای سطوح مختلف، از ابتدایی تا پیشرفته طراحی شدن. مطمئنا هر روز می تونین یه پادکست مناسب با سطح خودت پیدا کنی.

فراموش نکن که هرچی بیشتر تمرین کنی در اون مهارت رشد میکنی! به قول انگلیسی ها: Practice makes perfect


واژگان کلیدی پادکست انگلیسی BBC - مضرات الکل

معنی به فارسیمعنی به انگلیسیواژه
ثبات قدم، قصد، نیت، خواست، تصمیمa promise to yourself to stop or start doing somethingresolution  
فشار نظیر، کاری را به خاطر اینکه گروهی خاص از نزدیکان انجام میدهند شما هم انجام دهید influence a group of similar people have on you to behave like thempeer pressure
عادات ریشه دارan attitude or idea that’s been done in a certain way for a long time and is difficult to changeingrained 
کالا goods we buy and sellmerchandise 
خماریsick, tired and sometimes anxious feeling you get after drinking too much alcoholhangover 
نفوذ کردن، تاثیر گذاشتنspreading through something and influencing every part of itpermeating 

BBC 6 minute English -  Could you give up booze for a month apostrophe

پادکست انگلیسی BBC - مضرات الکل

پادکست انگلیسی BBC - مضرات الکل

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 199 - Are we there yet


Sam
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Sam…

Rob
And I’m Rob.

Sam
So we’re well into 2020 now – how are your New Year’s resolutions going, Rob

Rob
Ah resolutions – you mean promises people make to themselves to stop or start doing something – I promised to start running, and to stop eating biscuits and to give up alcohol for a month. But I failed on all of them

Sam
Oh dear…

Rob
Yes, I lasted a few days and then I started to crumble

Sam
Yeah. Well, you’re not alone. Many people try to kick bad habits and get healthy when a new year begins. Their intentions – their plans to do something – are good

Rob
Yes, giving up drinking is particularly good to do, if only for the health benefits

Sam
Well, we’ll be talking more about that as soon as I’ve set up today’s question. According to historians, which people were thought to be the first group to make New Year’s resolutions? Was it the
a) Romans
b) Native Americans
c) Babylonians

Rob
I haven’t got a clue, so I’m going to guess a) the Romans.

Sam
OK, Rob, I’ll let you know if that was a good guess at the end of the programme. Now let’s talk more about giving things up for New Year and, specifically, giving up alcohol

Rob
It’s a time often called ‘Dry January’ – dry refers to not drinking alcohol, it’s not about the weather! And the beginning of the year seems like a good time to start doing something to improve your health

Sam
But it’s easy to give in to temptation – isn’t it, Rob?

Rob
Oh yes. And it’s tough to give up drinking in the first place, as Millie Gooch, founder of The Sober Girl Society knows. She spoke to BBC Radio 4’s You and Yours programme and explained why it was hard to quit in the first place

Millie Gooch, founder of The Sober Girl Society

I think it’s the peer pressure and, you know, it’s so expected of us, it’s so ingrained in us. Alcohol is everywhere and it’s not just alcohol itself, it’s alcohol merchandise, so, you know, you’ve got Christmas jumpers that have been say ‘Prosecco-ho-ho-ho’ and you can’t buy a birthday card without saying ‘let the fun be-gin’. It’s just absolutely everywhere, it’s so hard to avoid

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - ماراتن

Sam
So that’s Millie, who’s right when she says that, in the UK at least, we sometimes drink because we give in to peer pressure. That’s the influence a group of similar people have on you to behave like them

Rob
We want to be part of the group so we copy what they do – and we are expected to do so because, as Millie said, drinking alcohol is ingrained in us – well in some cultures anyway

Sam
And when an attitude is ingrained it means it’s been that way for a long time – it’s difficult to change. And although it may be harmful, we see jokes about drinking through things like merchandise – a word for goods we buy and sell

Rob
And Millie goes on to say we can buy jumpers that joke about the Italian sparkling wine called Prosecco – which say ‘Prosecco-ho-ho-ho!’ And birthday cards have the message ‘let the fun be-gin’ – a play on the word begin

Sam
With all this social pressure, it’s hard not to give in – and that’s even worse when you’re trying to fulfil your resolution not to drink

Rob
For Millie, enough was enough when drinking started to have a negative effect and she had to do something about it. Let’s hear from her again

Millie Gooch, founder of The Sober Girl Society

I started realising that alcohol was really affecting my mental health, so I was getting that really bad hangover anxiety – that like, hangover fear and dread – and I kind of noticed that was permeating everyday life. I was a binge drinker rather than like an everyday drinker… So I just decided that it wasn’t suiting my life any more and I wanted to give it up

Rob
So Millie there described the negative effects of a hangover – that’s the sick and tired feeling you get after drinking too much alcohol. She also said she felt anxiety. And this feeling was permeating her everyday life. When something permeates it spreads through something and influences every part of it

Sam
So, drinking was affecting her everyday life, and it didn’t help that she was a binge drinker. When you binge you do something occasionally but to extreme

Rob
Well, Millie managed to quit drinking and hasn’t touched a drop since. There are many benefits to remaining sober – that means not being drunk. And one of them is hearing the answer to today’s question

Sam
Earlier I asked you: According to historians, which people were thought to be the first group to make New Year’s resolutions? Was it the
a) Romans
b) Native Americans
c) Babylonians
?And Rob, what did you say

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 217 - When do you feel sleepy

Rob
I had a wild guess and said it was the Romans

Sam
Sorry, Rob, you are wrong. Many historians think it was the Babylonians who made the first ever New Year’s resolutions, about 4,000 years ago. According to the history.com website, at New Year – which they celebrated in mid-March – Babylonians made promises to the gods to pay their debts and return any objects they had borrowed

Rob
I wonder if they managed to keep their resolutions for longer than I did… Anyway, let’s keep one of our regular promises – to recap the vocabulary we’ve discussed today. Starting with resolution

Sam
which in the context of a New Year’s resolution, is a promise to yourself to stop or start doing something…

Rob
Peer pressure is the influence a group of similar people have on you to behave like them

Sam
Ingrained describes an attitude or idea that has been done in a certain way for a long time and is difficult to change. And merchandise is a word for goods we buy and sell

Rob
We also mentioned a hangover – that’s the sick, tired and sometimes anxious feeling you get after drinking too much alcohol. And permeating describes spreading through something and influencing every part of it. Like the vocabulary in this programme, Sam

Sam
Thanks, Rob – and that’s all for now

Rob
Bye bye

امیدوارم از پادکست انگلیسی BBC - مضرات الکل لذت برده باشید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه تو هم از اون آدمهایی هستی که از گوش دادن به پادکست لذت می بره برات یه خبر خوب دارم! آموزشگاه مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk یه دوره طراحی کرده مبتنی بر پادکست و داستان کوتاه به اسم "پادکستوری - Podcastory". این دوره سعی کرده یادگیری زبان انگلیسی رو مناسب با نیاز و سطح زبان آموز به یه فرایند بسیار مفرح، موثر، سریع و کم هزینه تبدیل کنه.

همین الان می تونی با کلیک روی عکس زیر و ثبت نام در دوره ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی با پادکست و داستان ۲۴talk اولین و مهم ترین قدم رو برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی برداری. وقت رو از دست نده!

دوره پادکستوری آکادمی مجازی ۲۴talk