زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۷۴

سلام با هفتاد و چهارمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره نام خانوادگی و روند تغییر آن پس از ازدواج صحبت میشه. زنان سنت گرا در انگلستان هنگامی که ازدواج می‌کنند، نام خانوادگی همسر خود را می‌گیرند اما امروزه در غرب یک تغییر بوجود آمده و مردان هنگام ازدواج نام خانوادگی همسرشان را می‌گیرند.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

maiden name : a woman’s family name before she is married

maiden name : نام خانوادگی یک زن قبل از ازدواج ( نام خانوادگی پدری )

double-barrelled : two names that are joined by a hyphen

double-barrelled : کسی که دو نام بهش اتلاق میشه

patriarchal : controlled by men

patriarchal : مرد سالاری

bias : unfair support or opposition to a person, thing or idea

bias : تعصب بی جا، جانب داری

wear the trousers : a person in a mariage/partnership who has the control and makes the decisions for both people.

wear the trousers : مسئول تصمیم گیری در زندگی زناشویی یا در یک شرکت

unit : a group of people living or working together

unit : گروهی که با هم زندگی می کنند

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 74 - What’s in a name

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – What’s in a name

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Dan and joining me today is Neil. Hi Neil.

Neil
Hi there, Dan.

Dan
You’re a married man, Neil. When you were wed, did your wife change her family name?

Neil
Yes she did.

Dan
Was that her choice?

Neil
Oh yes. She didn’t like her old name, so for her it was a win-win. How about you?

Dan
Well, my wife wanted to keep her surname, but was forced to adopt mine because that was the law where we got married.

Neil
Would you have thought about taking her name?

Dan
That’s what we’re talking about in this 6 Minute English. A husband taking a wife’s name after marriage. All that, six related words and our quiz question.

Neil
OK. Let’s have the question.

Dan
In which country has it been forbidden since 1789 for a citizen to change their name legally, even after marriage?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 188 -Do you think for yourself

a) Japan
b) France
c) Turkey

Neil
I’m going to go for b) France

Dan
And we’ll see if you’re right later. Now, traditionally in the UK, when a man and a woman get married, the woman takes the man’s family name. And this replaces her maiden name.

Neil
A maiden name is the surname a woman had before she was married. This all dates back to the Norman invasion of England, back in 1066. They introduced the idea that when a woman married a man, she became his property. As a result of this, she took his name.

Dan
These days, many women elect to keep their maiden name upon marriage or combine it with their new husband’s in some way, sometimes by making the name double-barrelled.

Neil
A double-barrelled name is two names that are connected by a hyphen, such as Jones-Smith.

Dan
However, a growing number of couples in western culture are doing it differently . When they get married, the husband elects to take the wife’s surname.

Neil
In a BBC article about surnames and marriage, Rory Dearlove, formerly Rory Cook, talks about why he decided to take his wife’s surname. He said that he wasn’t really attached to his name anyway. To him it didn’t make any difference.

Dan
Well, he’s not alone. A recent study of 2000 UK adults by Opinium, a strategic insight agency, suggested that one in ten millennial men, currently between 18 and 34 years old, fall into this category.

Neil
Charlie Shaw, a Tibetan Buddhist meditation instructor, who took his wife’s name when they married last year, said that it was an opportunity to acknowledge the unseen patriarchal bias and sexism in our society.

Dan
Patriarchal means ‘controlled by men’ and a bias is the unfair support or opposition to a person, thing or idea.

Neil
Many traditional societies were patriarchal. But modern UK society is less like that. Everyone is meant to be equal.

Dan
Ah yes, but that’s the unseen part. And there’s the social view of things too. Rachel Robnett, a researcher at the University of Nevada surveyed a number of people in the US and UK, and found that the husbands of women who keep their maiden names are viewed as ‘feminine’, while the women are believed to ‘wear the trousers‘.

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Neil
If you ‘wear the trousers’ in a relationship, it means you ‘have the control and make the decisions for both people’.

Dan
I wondered about that, so I went out into London and asked people what they thought about a man who took his wife’s name when they got married. Here’s what they said.

Woman
I don’t think it’s a bad idea at all. My dad’s 55 and he took my mother’s surname. If people want to do it, then all the power to them.

Man
It’s each to their own really. It doesn’t hurt anybody. And it’s no different from a woman taking a man’s name.

Woman
The only reason I think that anybody should take someone else’s surname if just for the creation of a family unit. But if it’s just out of principle, I don’t agree.

Dan
It seems that the people I talked to are comfortable with the idea.

Neil
Yes. Most said that people are free to do what they want. One woman even mentioned the creation of a family unit.

Dan
A unit is a group of people living or working together. A typical family unit would be two parents and some children. Well, that answers that question. People don’t seem to mind who takes who’s name.

Neil
Speaking of questions. How about our quiz question?

Dan
Oh yes, I asked you in which country it’s been forbidden since 1789 for a citizen to change their name legally, even after marriage?

a) Japan
b) France
c) Turkey

Neil
And I said b)France

Dan
And you were spot on as usual, Neil.

Neil
Let’s take a look at the vocabulary, shall we?

Dan
First we had maiden name. This is a woman’s family name before she is married. My mother refused to give up her maiden name to my father when she got married.

Neil
Then we had double-barrelled. A double-barrelled name is two names that are joined by a hyphen. Can you think of any famous examples?

Dan
Well, there’s the Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker-Bowles for one. She’s married to Prince Charles – next in line to the English throne. Then we had patriarchal. If something is patriarchal, it is controlled by men. The feminine equivalent is matriarchal, controlled by women.

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Neil
Then we had bias. A bias is unfair support or opposition to a person, thing or idea.

Dan
Many fans are biased in favour of their football team. Then we had wear the trousers. If you wear the trousers, you have the control and make the decisions for both people. Do you wear the trousers in your marriage, Neil?

Neil
Oh, we both wear the trousers in my marriage, thank you Dan. Then we had unit. A unit is a group of people living or working together. Like the BBC Learning English team… or unit!

Dan
And that’s the end of this 6 Minute English. Don’t forget to checkout our Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube pages. And we’ll see you next time. Bye!

Neil
Bye!

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