زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۸ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۲۰۵

سلام با دویست و پنجمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره زبان عامیانه و کاربردهای آن صحبت میشه. آیا در کل استفاده کردن از زبان عامیانه خوب است؟ آیا بیشتر اوقات از زبان عامیانه برای حرف زدن بهره می‌برید؟ نکات و ملزومات استفاده صحیح از زبان عامیانه یا به عبارتی فرهنگ صحیح به کار بردن آن چیست؟

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

slang : informal language spoken by a particular group

slang : زبان عامیانه

dosh : money

dosh : پول

smacker : British pound or US dollar

smacker : پوند انگلیس یا دلار آمریکا

Cockney Rhyming Slang : a coded language invented in the 19th Century by Cockneys (people who were born in a particular area of London) so they could speak in front of the police without being understood

Cockney Rhyming Slang : یک نوع زبان رمز گذاری شده

colloquial : informal spoken language

colloquial : محاوره‌ای

frowned upon : disapproved of

frowned upon : رد شده از

lingered : slow to disappear

lingered : به آرامی ناپدید شدن

booze : alcohol

booze : الکل

swear words / profanity : rude language that offends or upsets people

swear words / profanity : زبان بی ادبانه ای که باعث آزار و اذیت مردم شود

jargon : the technical language belonging to a specific subject area

jargon : زبان فنی متعلق به یک موضوع خاص

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 205 -Slang

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Slang

Alice
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Alice…

Neil
And I’m Neil.

Alice
Could you lend me some dosh, Neil?

Neil
Sure. How much do you need?

Alice
A couple of smackers.

Neil
You’re sounding strange today, Alice.

Alice
Yes, I know, Neil. Slang – or informal language used by a particular group – is the subject of today’s show, and I was just demonstrating a couple of slang words that mean ‘money’. Dosh is a general term for money and a smacker is a British pound or US dollar.

Neil
OK, so Cockney Rhyming Slang is a type of slang. It’s a coded language invented in the 19th Century by Cockneys so they could speak in front of the police without being understood. And still on the subject of money, I have a question for you, Alice.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 48 - Rabbits: cuddly friends or cunning tricksters

Alice
OK.

Neil
What’s Cockney Rhyming Slang for ‘money’? Is it…
a) bread?
b) honey?
Or c) dough?

Alice
I think it’s a) bread. I bet you didn’t know, Neil, that I’m a Cockney.

Neil
I don’t Adam and Eve it, Alice! That’s a pork pie!

Alice
‘Adam and Eve’ means ‘believe’ and ‘pork pie’ means… ‘lie’! Actually, you’re right. I’m not a Cockney.

Neil
To be considered a Cockney, you need to be born within hearing distance of the bells of St Mary-le-Bow church in what is now the City of London.

Alice
Indeed. Now, slang, as we’ve said, is colloquial – or informal – language. And it’s characteristic of specific social groups. We usually use it in informal conversation rather than in writing or more formal situations, like a job interview.

Neil
We change the way we speak so that what we say is appropriate for a particular situation. So you surprised me, earlier, Alice, by talking about ‘dosh’ and ‘smackers’ because it didn’t seem appropriate for presenting the show.

Alice
Slang use is often frowned upon – or disapproved of. Let’s listen to Jonathan Green, a lexicographer of slang, talking about who uses slang and how this has changed. Here he is on the Radio 4 programme Word of Mouth.

INSERT
Jonathan Green, lexicographer of slang
Slang does have a bad reputation and I would say this comes from its earliest collection, which was of criminal slang in the 1500s in the 16th century, and it was associated with bad people, and inevitably that has lingered. But now in the last 40 or 50 years it’s changed. The definitions tend to stress ‘different’ and ‘jocular’, ‘funny’, ‘humorous’, ‘inventive’, that kind of thing.

Neil
So we have records of 16th Century slang in collections – or dictionaries. Words used by criminals as a code so they could talk without being understood. And this bad reputation has lingered – or been slow to disappear.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   کارگاه اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی

Alice
But for the last 50 years we’ve been using slang to be funny and creative as well as to show belonging to a particular group. And apparently we’re very creative when talking about drinking and being drunk. The slang word booze – meaning ‘alcohol’ – comes from the 13th Century Dutch word, ‘būsen’.

Neil
And there are hundreds of slang expressions to talk about drink and being drunk: ‘on the sauce’, ‘in your cups’, ‘half cut’, ‘hammered’, ‘squiffy’, ‘tipsy’, ‘wasted’, ‘legless’, and many many more that are far too rude to mention in this programme.

Alice
Yes. So, while these terms might not be strictly acceptable – or appropriate in formal contexts they aren’t offensive, they are often amusing and help people bond in social groups.

Neil
By contrast, swear words or profanity – means ‘rude language that offends or upsets people’. And I’m not going to give any examples because that would be inappropriate and impolite, Alice.

Alice
OK, let’s listen now to Jonathan Green and presenter Michael Rosen talking about jargon – another type of in-group language.

INSERT
Jonathan Green, lexicographer of slang, and Michael Rosen, Presenter, Word of Mouth, Radio 4
JG: Jargon is what I would call is small ‘o’ occupational, small ‘p’ professional. It’s closed off environments. You get legal jargon, you get naval jargon, I’ve been reading Patrick O’Brien recently and that’s awash with futtock plates and fiddying the decks.
MR: This is radio 4 Jonathan, be careful!

Neil
Jonathan Green in another segment of the BBC Radio 4 programme Word of Mouth. So he says jargon is occupational and professional, meaning people speak it at work, for example, lawyers and sailors. A futtock plate is, I believe, an iron plate attached to the top of a ship’s mast. But I don’t know much about this subject.

Alice
That’s the idea, though – jargon is the technical language belonging to a specific group. And to outsiders this jargon is often hard to understand.
 
Neil
Yes and here in the studio I can use all the radio jargon that I like. Look at my faders here, Alice. Going down and up and up and I’m just testing our levels…

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 92 - Talking to machines

Alice
Come on, live the fader alone. It controls the level of sound on a studio deck. Now it’s time for the answer to today’s quiz question, Neil.

Neil
I asked you: What’s Cockney Rhyming Slang for money? Is it… a) bread, b) honey or c) dough?

Alice
And I said a) bread.

Neil
And you were right, Alice! Cockney Rhyming Slang uses just the first word of a phrase that rhymes with a word we’re trying to disguise. So ‘money’ becomes ‘bread and honey’ but we just say ‘bread’.

Alice
OK, so let’s recap on the words we’ve learned today. They are:
slang
dosh
smacker
Cockney Rhyming Slang
colloquial
frowned upon
lingered
booze
swear
profanity
jargon

Neil
Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Please join us again soon!

Both
Bye!

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