زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۱۲ دقیقه

آیا وقتی کسی به شما دروغ می گه متوجه می شوید؟ از نظر شما آیا همه ی دروغ ها بد هستند؟ یا اینکه بعضی دروغ ها مصلحتی یا همون white lie است؟ دروغ گفتن برای شما کار آسونیه؟  (نظر خودتون رو در بخش دیدگاه با ما در میون بذارید!) در پادکست انگلیسی BBC – دروغ سنج ، می شنویم که سم Sam و راب Rob درباره ی منافع اجتماعی دروغ گفتن حرف می زنند و در طول مسیر کلمات جالب و کاربردی جدیدی هم آموزش می دهند.

پادکست انگلیسی BBCپادکست انگلیسی VOAپادکست سطح‌بندی British Council

سوال پادکست انگلیسی BBC – دروغ سنج :

A competition is held in Cumbria in the UK every year to find and award the title of “The Biggest Liar in the World”. But which type of people are not allowed to take part?

a) Farmers

b) Lawyers

c) Estate agents

به پادکست خوب گوش کن تا جواب رو پیدا کنی.

اگر می خوای گوش دادن به پادکست تا حد امکان برات ساده و کارآمد باشه مراحل زیر را دنبال کن:

هر روز به پادکست گوش کن. وقتی براش یه وقت ثابت در روز در نظر بگیری برات تبدیل به عادت میشه و این عادت هرروز پیشرفت میکنه.

پادکستی رو پیدا کن که موضوعش برات جالب باشه. وقتی از خود موضوع لذت ببری یادگیری هم برات لذتبخش میشه.

به پادکستی گوش کن که transcript یا متن داره. این بهت کمک می کنه تا کلمات و عبارات جدید رو به سرعت در متن پیدا کنی و ساختار انواع مختلف جمله رو خوب یاد بگیری.

پس از گوش دادن به پادکست با متن، در مرحله بعدی سعی کن بدون نگاه کردن به متن این کار رو انجام بدی. این کار مهارت شنیداری رو تقویت می کنه و کمک می کنه تا انگلیسی زبانان بومی را راحت تر درک کنی، حتی اگر خیلی سریع صحبت کنن.

اگه به پادکست انگلیسی گوش کردی و نتونستی کامل متوجه اش بشی، ناامید نشو. پادکست هایESL -English as Second Language بیشماری وجود دارن که برای سطوح مختلف، از ابتدایی تا پیشرفته طراحی شدن. مطمئنا هر روز می تونین یه پادکست مناسب با سطح خودت پیدا کنی.

فراموش نکن که هرچی بیشتر تمرین کنی در اون مهارت رشد میکنی! به قول انگلیسی ها: Practice makes perfect


واژگان کلیدی پادکست انگلیسی BBC - دروغ سنج

معنی به فارسیمعنی به انگلیسیواژه
دروغ کوچک و بی خطرsmall inoffensive liefib 
دروغ مصلحتیsmall lie, told to avoid upsetting someonewhite lie
فریب دادنtry to hide something by tricking people to gain an advantagedeceive
مهم‌ترین یا ضروری‌ترین بخشmost important or essential partat the heart 
زمان بین سوالی که پرسیده می شود و جواب دادن به آنa term used in psychology to describe the time taken between a stimulus or question and a response to itresponse latency
کلمه عامیانه برای دروغinformal word for liesporkies

BBC 6 minute English - Can you tell when someone is lying

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متن پادکست انگلیسی BBC - دروغ سنج

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - اصطلاحات روز ولنتاین

Rob
Hello. This is 6 Minute English. I'm Rob.

Sam
And I'm Sam.

Rob
In this programme, we’re talking about biscuits.

Sam
Really? That’s not what I was told… oh hold on, you’re lying.

Rob
Yes, you’re right, Sam. I am lying simply to demonstrate our topic – lying and how to detect it. You detected my lie very easily, Sam!

Sam
I could tell by the smirk on your face that you were telling a fib – that’s the word for a small, inoffensive lie.

Rob
To be honest, talking about lie detecting will be much more interesting than biscuits. But first, let’s start with a question for you to answer. A competition is held in Cumbria in the UK every year to find and award the title of "The Biggest Liar in the World". But which type of people are not allowed to take part?

a)    Farmers

b)    Lawyers

c)    Estate agents

What do you think, Sam?

Sam
I’d be lying if I said I knew – but based on personal experience I’d say estate agents – they’d find it too easy!

Rob
Ha – well that’s your opinion but I’ll let you know if you’re right at the end of the programme. So, lying is something I’m sure a lot of us do – sometimes to avoid trouble, sometimes to cheat people, or sometimes just to impress someone – did you know I can speak seven languages, Sam?

Sam
That’s just a barefaced lie, Rob! But I can see how easy lying can be, and that’s what neuroscientist Sophie Scott thinks. Here she is on BBC Radio 4’s ‘Seriously’ podcast, explaining how we sometimes lie just to be nice!

Sophie Scott, neuroscientist
Often what we mean by lying is someone setting out to deceive us with their words or their actions but actually normal conversation probably can only happen because we don’t actually say all the time exactly what we really think and what we really mean. And that kind of cooperation is at the heart, I think, of a lot of social interactions for humans and I think that’s one of the strong pushes to make conversation polite and therefore frequently not actually truthful.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست VOA: اصطلاحات انگلیسی - رو نوک پا

Rob
So Sophie mentions two types of lying. There’s the one when we try to deceive someone – so that’s trying to hide something by tricking someone to gain an advantage.

Sam
Hmm, that’s like you getting me to pay £۱۰ for a cinema ticket when actually they were only £۵٫ That’s just dishonest, but there are also what I like to call white lies – small lies we tell to avoid upsetting someone. Those are lies that aren’t intended to give you an advantage.

Rob
Yes, Sophie Scott says we use them in normal conversation – when we don’t say what we really mean.

Sam
So, we want to make conversation polite because we want to cooperate with each other – she says cooperation is at the heart. Something that’s at the heart is the most important or essential part.

Rob
Now telling lies is one thing but how do you know if we’re being lied to?  Sometimes there are telltale signs, such as someone’s face turning red or someone shuffling their feet.

Sam
But if you really want to know if someone is lying, maybe we should listen to Richard Wiseman, a psychologist at the University of Hertfordshire. Here he is speaking on the ‘Seriously’ podcast…

Richard Wiseman, psychologist, University of Hertfordshire
Liars in general say less. They tend to have a longer what's called response latency, which is the time between the end of the question and the beginning of the answer. And there also tends to be an emotional distance in the lie – so the words ‘me’,’my’, ‘I’ – all those things tend to drop away in lies and it’s much much harder for liars to control what they’re saying and how they’re saying it, so focus your attention there, you become a better lie detector.

Rob
Some good advice from Richard Wiseman. So to detect lies we need to listen out for the response latency – a term used in psychology to describe the time taken between a stimulus or question and a response to it. The bigger the gap, the more chance there is that someone is lying. Is that a good summary, Sam?

Sam
Sort of, Rob. Richard also suggests we focus on – or concentrate on – what and how people are saying things too. There’s probably more to it than just that.

Rob
Well now you know how to detect my lies, Sam, maybe honestly is the best policy – as they say. So I’m now going to give you an honest answer to the question I asked earlier. A competition is held in Cumbria, in the UK, every year to award the title of "The Biggest Liar in the World". But which type of people are not allowed to take part?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 208 - Penicillin: breaking the mould

a)    Farmers

b)    Lawyers

c)    Estate agents

Sam
I guessed c) estate agents.

Rob
And you are wrong, I’m afraid. Lawyers, as well as politicians, are not allowed to enter the competition. It’s claimed "they are judged to be too skilled at telling porkies" – porkies is an informal word for ‘pork pies’ and that rhymes with ‘lies’.

Sam
Fascinating stuff, Rob and that’s no lie! But now, shall we recap some of the vocabulary we’ve heard today?

Rob
Why not? A fib is a small inoffensive lie.

Sam
white lie is also a small lie, told to avoid upsetting someone.

Rob
When you deceive someone, you try to hide something by tricking them to gain an advantage.

Sam
When something is at the heart of something, it is the most important or essential part of it. And we heard about response latency – a term used in psychology to describe the time taken between a stimulus or question and a response to it.

Rob
OK, thank you, Sam. That’s all from 6 Minute English. We look forward to your company next time. Goodbye!

Sam
Bye everyone!

امیدوارم از پادکست انگلیسی BBC - دروغ سنج لذت برده باشید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه تو هم از اون آدمهایی هستی که از گوش دادن به پادکست لذت می بره برات یه خبر خوب دارم! آموزشگاه آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk یه دوره طراحی کرده مبتنی بر پادکست و داستان کوتاه به اسم "پادکستوری - Podcastory". این دوره سعی کرده یادگیری زبان انگلیسی رو مناسب با نیاز و سطح زبان آموز به یه فرایند بسیار مفرح، موثر، سریع و کم هزینه تبدیل کنه.

همین الان می تونی با کلیک روی عکس زیر و ثبت نام در دوره ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی با پادکست و داستان ۲۴talk اولین و مهم ترین قدم رو برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی برداری. وقت رو از دست نده!

دوره پادکستوری آکادمی مجازی ۲۴talk