زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۱۶۱

سلام با صد و شصت و یکمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

در این قسمت درباره تفاوت آب بطری و آب‌های لوله کشی صحبت میشه. آیا می تونید تفاوت بین طعم آب بطری و آب شیر رو بگید؟ آیا آب موجود در بطری برای شما بهتره. یه چیزی در آب‌های بطری وجود داره و اکثر کساییکه از اونا استفاده می‌کنن بهش دقت نمی‌کنن اینه که ما دو نوع آب بطری داریم. بعضی هاشون آب معدنی هستن و از چشمه‌ها پر شدن و بعضی دیگه‌شون آب آشامیدنی هستند و انگار از همین آب لوله‌کشی تولید شدن.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

refreshing : making you feel cool again after being hot

refreshing : دوباره تازه شدن

enriched : improving the quality of something by adding to it

enriched : بهبود کیفیت با فزودن چیزی

manufacture : something you make it in large amounts in a factory

manufacture : تولید، ساخت

scare somebody off : make them go away by frightening them 

scare somebody off : با ترساندن دیگران را فراری دادن

regulated : controlled

regulated : کنترل شده

comes up trumps : produces a good result, often unexpectedly 

comes up trumps : نتیجه خوب گرفتن، اغلب غیر منتظره

Transcript of the podcast

پادکست BBC شماره 161 -Why pay for bottled water?

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Why pay for bottled water

Rob
Welcome to 6 Minute English, where we introduce a refreshing topic and six related items of vocabulary. I’m Rob.

Neil 
And I’m Neil… And today we’re talking about water – there’s nothing more refreshing than an ice-cold bottle of water straight out of the vending machine… Ah!

Rob
OK. Refreshing in this context means making you feel cool again after being hot. So has that cooled you down, Neil? 

Neil 
Yes, I feel very refreshed now, thanks. 

Rob
Can I ask you though – why didn’t you just get a glass of water from the kitchen tap? That water is cool and refreshing too – and it’s free! 

Neil 
Well, I like this brand of bottled water better – it’s enriched with salts and minerals that are very beneficial to your health. Enriched means improving the quality of something by adding to it. 

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Rob
Enriched!! Honestly, Neil!

Neil
It tastes better, Rob.

Rob
Yeah…

Neil
And I’m not the only one who thinks so. For the first time in the UK, bottled water is more popular than cola. In fact, can you tell me how many litres of bottled water were sold in the UK in 2016? Was it…
a) 2.9 billion litres,
b) 29 million litres or
c) 2.9 million litres?

Rob
Right. Well, I’m going to say 29 million litres.

Neil
OK. We’ll find out later if you got that right or wrong. But seriously, Rob, don’t you think it’s a good thing that people are choosing to buy bottled water at the supermarket rather than fizzy drinks?

Rob 
Yes, of course. But as I said to you earlier, why don’t people just drink tap water? Let’s listen to Natalie Fee, founder of City to Sea, which campaigns against plastic pollution – and of course, bottled water causes a huge amount of that. Here’s Natalie now, talking about how drinks manufacturers have persuaded people that bottled water is better for them.

INSERT
Natalie Fee, founder of City to Sea
They manufactured the demand for bottled water and they spent millions of pounds on adverts sort of scaring us off of tap water. The bottled water companies set out to make us believe that tap water wasn’t healthy. And yet, tap water is way more regulated than bottled water is, and in taste tests, tap water comes up trumps most times.

Neil
If you manufacture something you make it in large amounts in a factory. But here Natalie says the drinks companies ‘manufactured the demand for bottled water’…

Rob
Which means they made adverts to persuade people that tap water wasn’t healthy – and bottled water was.

Neil
Hmm – To scare people off – What does that mean, Rob?

Rob
Well, if you scare somebody off you make them go away by frightening them. So some advertisers may have suggested, for example, that tap water was unsafe to drink …

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Neil
Whereas bottled water was safer, and tasted better too!

Rob
You’re catching on! However, Natalie Fee claims that tap water is more regulated than bottled water is. 

Neil
Regulated
 means controlled. Natalie also says that in taste tests tap water comes up trumps. What does she mean by that?

Rob
Well, a taste test is where you ask people to try several very similar products without knowing which one is which, and then you grade them according to which you like the best. And if something comes up trumps – it means it produces a good result, often unexpectedly.

Neil
So tap water comes up trumps, eh?

Rob
Yup. Perhaps you should try a taste test now, Neil? It would be interesting to see if your enriched bottled water comes up trumps of not!

Neil
I tell you what, let’s leave that until later and hear the answer to today’s quiz question instead.

Rob
OK.

Neil
I asked you: How many litres of bottled water were sold in the UK in 2016? Was it… a) 2.9 billion litres, b) 29 million litres or c) 2.9 million litres?

Rob
Yeah. And I said 29 million litres.

Neil
And the answer is… ۲٫۹ billion litres.

Rob
Wow!

Neil
You can buy many different brands of bottled water with a range of price tags. At the top end, there’s water from a 4,000 year-old Norwegian iceberg.

Rob
How much does that cost?

Neil
Around £۸۰ a bottle.

Rob
As cheap as that? I’ll pop out and get some later. OK let’s review the words we learned today. The first one was ‘refreshing’, which means making you feel cool again after being hot.

Neil
“I enjoyed a refreshing cup of tea.”

Rob
We British like to say that, don’t we? Though I don’t understand how a hot drink can be refreshing. OK – number two – ‘enriched’, which means improving the quality of something by adding to it. For example, “Did you know that many types of breakfast cereal are enriched with vitamins and minerals, Neil?”

Neil
No, I didn’t, Rob. You learn something new every day. Number three is ‘manufacture’ – to make something in large amounts in a factory. “This company manufactures wellington boots.”

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Rob
“I am a wellington boot manufacturer.” That has a nice ring to it. Anyway, when you scare someone off you make them go away by frightening them. “The dog barked fiercely and scared off the two burglars.”

Neil
Down, Rob, down! Number five – ‘regulated’ – or controlled – for example, “The sale of tobacco is tightly regulated by the government.”

Rob
And finally – if something ‘comes up trumps’ it produces a good result, often unexpectedly. 

Neil
“My lottery ticket came up trumps again! I can’t believe it!”

Rob
You’re a lucky man, Neil. OK – it’s time to do that taste test now. If you have an opinion on bottled water or anything else, please tell us about it on our Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, or YouTube pages.

Neil
OK. This one definitely tastes better.

Rob
And how about this one?

Neil
Yeah, definitely. 

Rob
That’s the tap water, Neil.

Neil
No, no, no. I refuse to believe it!

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