زمان تقریبی مطالعه: ۹ دقیقه

پادکست BBC شماره ۲۸۶

سلام با دویست و هشتاد و ششمین سری از پادکست‌های BBC 6 Minute English در خدمت شما هستیم.

پول لازم داری؟ چرا اتاق اضافه ای که تو خونه ت هست رو اجاره نمیدی؟ یا اینکه بذاری بقیه بیاد تو پارکینگ تو ماشینشون رو پارک کنن؟ وب سایت های زیادی هستن که کارشون دقیقا همینه که بهش میگن “سهیم شدن در امور مالی”.

در این قسمت راب و فین درباره ی این روش جدید حرف می زنند و بهت چند کلمه مربوط به پول در اوردن یاد میدن.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

driveway: پارکینگ خانه
(here) a parking space off the road at a house

feeling the pinch: احساس بی پولی کردن
feeling poor

holidaymakers: افرادی که در سفر هستند
people on holiday

make a few pennies: پول در آوردن
make some money 

on the side: اضافه
extra

market-leader: موفق ترین شرکت یک بخش یا صنعت
the most successful company in an industry or sector

one for a rainy day: برای روز مبادا
an idea to be stored for a time when it might be useful

out of pocket: با پولی کمتر از قبل
with less money than before

regulations: مقررات
laws

thriving: موفق
successful

source of income: منبع درآمد
a way of making money

goldmine: منبع پر از پول
a rich source of money

Transcript of the podcast

 پادکست BBC شماره 286 - Sharing economy

پادکست BBC 6 minute English – Sharing economy

Finn
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Finn, and Rob’s here too.

Rob
Yes, hello.

Finn
Hi. Rob – tell me – do you have a spare room in your house?

Rob
Absolutely not. We’re full to capacity in our house.

Finn
And what about a driveway for your car?

Rob
A driveway – so you mean a parking space off the road at my house? Not exactly a driveway, but yes I do have a parking space, yes.

Finn
Well – both of these are ways of making money in the ‘sharing economy’. Interested? Well, we’ll be talking about this new economy in the programme, and learning some language related to making money. But first – a question.

Rob
Great. I don’t have to pay for it do I?

Finn
It’s a free question. But no prize either. In February 2014, Britain’s most expensive parking space went on sale, but for how much? Was it:

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 33 - Are you at risk from online fraud

a) £۸۰,۰۰۰

b) £۱۰۰,۰۰۰ 

c) £۴۰۰,۰۰۰

Rob
Well, it’s just a parking space isn’t it? So I’m going to go for the lowest value: £۸۰,۰۰۰٫

Finn
£۸۰,۰۰۰ – still a lot of money. We’ll find out if that’s the right answer at the end of the programme. But first, let’s find out a bit more about this sharing economy. Rob, are you feeling the pinch

Rob
Feeling the pinch – you mean feeling poor. Yes, I’m always feeling the pinch. So come on Finn, tell us how we can make some money. 

Finn
Well, perhaps the best-known example of a company in the sharing economy is Airbnb – it’s an American web business which allows you to rent out your spare room to holidaymakers.

Rob
OK. Holidaymakers – so these are people on holiday. Using your spare room as a B and B – that’s a bed and breakfast?

Finn
Yes – you can provide breakfast for your guests too… 

Rob
That sounds like a clever way to make a few pennies

Finn
Yes, to make a few pennies – to make a bit of extra money. 

Rob
OK well, Airbnb say they operate in 34,000 cities and have 800,000 listings of rooms and apartments. In fact, we could say they’re the market-leader in this industry – the main, most successful company. 

Finn
There are many companies doing very similar things. And one doing something with parking spaces is JustPark. It’s a British business that lets you rent out your driveway or parking space. 

Rob
Another way to make money on the side – which means to make some extra money in addition to your normal job. We’re going to hear from the founder of JustPark now, Anthony Eskinazi. Where did the idea for the business come from?

Anthony Eskinazi, founder of JustPark
When I had the original idea, I spotted a driveway close to a sports stadium. It would have been so convenient if I could have just parked in that driveway rather than in a commercial car park.

Rob
So, Anthony said that he got the idea when trying to park near a stadium. He said he saw a driveway. He thought it would be more convenient to just park there than in a commercial car park – a normal one which makes money. 

حتما این پست را بخوانید   دوره زبان انگلیسی نوجوانان

Finn
So he set up this site. And around 20,000 people have put their spaces on the site, and he says around half a million drivers use it. 

Rob
Interestingly, a church near Kings Cross in central London has apparently made over £۲۰۰,۰۰۰ by renting out space in its yard to travellers!

Finn
And of course there are other sites doing very similar things, like Uber and Lyft – these let drivers share their cars with other passengers. 

Rob
And there’s even a company in Hong Kong which lets you share space under your umbrella when it rains! 

Finn
That sounds like one for a rainy day.

Rob
Haha – an idea to store away until you need it. But I do have a question. What about the people who run things like traditional B and Bs, or commercial car parks – or taxi services – things like that? Won’t they be out of pocket?

Finn
Out of pocket, yes – lose money. Many of them are out of pocket and are not happy about this. And there is another issue: regulations – or laws. Listen to the editor of Tech City News, Alex Wood. Why are regulations for these new businesses unclear?

Alex Wood, editor of Tech City News
Take the example of someone who has a driveway in their house. They’ve got some spare capacity there – they’re looking to make some more money. But how does that affect their neighbours? How does that affect the Council and the regulation and the rules around them? Because this is a new business world, those rules aren’t there yet.

Finn
Well, he says they’re unclear – because the rules aren’t there yet. Because it’s a whole new business world.

Rob
In fact, Airbnb has had problems with the law. But, in a time when the economy is doing badly, these businesses seem to be thriving – doing really well – and provide an extra source of income for many people.

Finn
That’s right. Many are benefitting from this new economy. But others are out of pocket. That’s business. Rob, what about us? Could you make some money from this sharing economy? You could rent out your bike – your lovely folding bike – while you’re at work?

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 6 - Penny pinching!

Rob
That’s a really good idea – it’s kind of a downtime, the bike’s not being used, so why not! Anyway – how about the answer to today’s question?

Finn
Yes, earlier I asked you about the most expensive parking space ever to go on sale in London. How much was it on sale for?

Rob
Well, I had a guess and I said £۸۰,۰۰۰٫

Finn
Well, you were completely wrong. It was the most expensive one: £۴۰۰,۰۰۰٫ 

Rob
No way! For a parking space!

Finn
It was a space in London, in Kensington and it went on sale for £۴۰۰,۰۰۰, which is over twice the price of the average UK house. So very expensive! Anyway, Rob, before we go any further, how about those words again? 

Rob
OK, the words we’ve heard today were:

driveway

feeling the pinch

holidaymakers

make a few pennies

on the side

market leader

one for a rainy day

out of pocket

regulations

thriving

source of income

Finn
Thank you Rob. And that’s it for today – if you want to listen to more programmes like this one, visit our site bbclearningenglish.com. Bye bye.

Rob
Bye.

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