پادکست British Council سطح B2 شماره ۵ :A talk about motivation

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تمرین آمادگی

کلمات ستون سمت چپ را به معنی آن ها در ستون راست وصل کن: (جواب تمرین در انتهای صفحه)

معانی Definitionلغات Vocabulary
a. having many related parts; difficult to understand or solve
b. done by a machine or computer
c. something that encourages a person to do something
d. someone who studies how people behave in social situations
e. to make someone want to do something
the act of giving someone a job which is higher status than
their current job
an incentive
to motivate
a promotion
complex
automated
a social
psychologist

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British Council – Upper Intermediate:A talk about motivation

پادکست British Council سطح B2 شماره 5

متن پادکست:

So, we think we know how to motivate people, right? Offer them a reward. Do this and you’ll get this. Do this faster, earn more money. Do this better than everyone else, here’s a promotion. We offer incentives when we want people to do things. We do it at work, at school, even at home with our kids. Tidy your room and you can watch TV.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 203 - Have you walked off your pizza

But when social psychologists test whether incentives work, they get surprising results. Sam Glucksberg, from Princeton University, America, set people a problem to solve and told them he was going to time them to see how long they took. Then he put them in two groups. He offered one group a reward for finishing fast. Five dollars for anyone finishing in the top 25 per cent and 20 dollars for the person who finished the fastest of all. To the other group he offered no incentive, but he told them he was going to use their times to calculate an average time.

The first group, the ones with the reward, solved the problem faster, you’d think, right? Well, no, they actually took three and a half minutes longer than the group who just thought they were being timed. Incentive didn’t work. In fact, it made them slower. This experiment has been repeated, with the same results, many times. But in business we still offer bonuses, promotions and rewards to staff.

That’s fine if we want them to do something simple, like chop wood. We’ll pay you more if you chop the wood faster. An incentive works then. But if we want someone to do something complex, something creative, something where they have to think, rewards don’t work. They might even have the opposite result, and make people perform worse. Another study, by Dan Ariely, showed that the bigger the reward, the worse the subjects performed on a complex task. The reward made them focus so hard on the result that they couldn’t think creatively any more.

And this all matters because more and more simple jobs will become automated. We’ll be left with creative, problem-solving jobs that computers will never do. And we need to find a way to motivate people to do those jobs when we’ve proved the traditional incentives don’t work.

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست انگلیسی BBC - تجارت قهوه

So what does work? Giving your workers freedom; freedom to work on the things they want to work on, freedom to choose when, where and how they work. Want to work from home three days a week, get up late and work into the night instead? Fine. Just do the job well. And evidence shows people who choose the way they work get results. Companies that give employees time during the week to work on things that interest them and are not part of their regular job achieve amazing things. Some of the big tech companies are good examples of this, with ping-pong tables and areas to relax in …

حالا به سوالات زیر جواب بده:

تسک ۱

جملات زیر درست (True) است یا نادرست (False)؟

۱)We try to motivate workers in the same way that we try to motivate our
children.

۲) In the Glucksberg experiment, the people who were offered a reward finished faster than people who were not offered one.

۳)The people who were offered smaller rewards in Ariely’s experiment
performed better than those offered bigger rewards.

۴) In Ariely’s experiment, people were more creative when they were
concentrating on achieving a goal.

۵) In the future, jobs will require workers to be more creative

۶) People always work better when they start the day later and work into
the night.

تسک ۲

بخش اول جملات را به بخش دوم آن ها وصل کن:

First partبخش اول

۱) …… Glucksberg’s experiment shows that people solve a problem faster when

۲) …… Ariely’s experiment shows that people are less creative when

۳)…… The same results as Glucksberg’s experiment have been found when

۴) . …… An incentive works for people when

۵) …… Incentives will no longer work for motivating people at work when

۶) …… The example of the big tech companies shows that people work better when

حتما این پست را بخوانید   پادکست BBC شماره 182 - Life on Mars

بخش دوم – Second part

a. the experiment is repeated.

b. they are not given an incentive.

c. they can make choices about their work.

d. they are doing a simple task.

e. they are doing the jobs of the future.

f. they are offered a bigger reward.

جواب ها

۱٫ c

۲٫ e

۳٫ f

۴٫ a

۵٫b

۶٫d

تسک ۱

۱٫ True

۲٫ False

۳٫ True

۴٫ False

۵٫True

۶٫ False

تسک ۲

۱٫ b

۲٫ f

۳٫ a

۴٫ d

۵٫e

۶٫ c

امیدوارم از پادکست British Council سطح B2 شماره ۵ لذت برده باشید. برای دسترسی به قسمت های دیگر این پادکست می توانید از صفحه ی پادکست British Council آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk دیدن کنید.

همچنین برای گوش دادن به پادکست های BBC می توانید به صفحه ی پادکست ۶ دقیقه انگلیسی (BBC) آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان ۲۴talk مراجعه کنید.

گوش دادن به پادکست روش خوبی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری و هم چنین یادگرفتن کلمات در بستر یک موضوع خاصه که این به تقویت مهارت مکالمه انگلیسی نیز کمک زیادی می کنه.

اگه دنبال این هستی که مهارت های مکالمه زبان انگلیسیت رو بیشتر از این تقویت کنی بهت پیشنهاد میکنم در دوره‌ی مکالمه زبان انگلیسی آکادمی مجازی آموزش زبان انگلیسی ۲۴talk شرکت کنی که با یه برنامه منسجم و خلاقانه کمک میکنه در زمان کوتاه بتونی به راحتی و روانی انگلیسی صحبت کنی.